The under-17 team tutored by Coach Yemi Tella also won the Gold Medal in the 2007 Junior World Cup. The capital is Abuja. Turtoe-Sanders, Patience. Arómiré also grew vegetables, especially pepper, on a site where Iga Ìdúngànràn, the palace or official residence of the Oba of Lagos now stands.Iga Ìdúngànràn is an Àwórì term meaning house on pepper farm. This was the first university in Africa that commenced undergraduate programme in HPE (Ladani, 1988; Ajala, Amusa and  Sohi, 1990). Nigeria is often called the "Giant of Africa." Uwechue, Ralph. 8. Recreational activities are often done for enjoyment, amusement, or pleasure and are considered to be "fun". Among the Yoruba, traditional wrestling is popular. They reached the second round of the World Cup in 1994, 1998 and 2014. Dramatic changes go far back to the British colonial rule. Sports such as swimming, lawn tennis, table tennis, handball, basketball, squash, cricket, judo, field hockey, weight-lifting and wrestling are supported by the government, corporate bodies and individuals. There are several national parks of Nigeria.The Nigeria National Park Service (NNPS) is responsible for preserving, enhancing, protecting and managing vegetation and wild animals in the national parks of Nigeria. PE was made compulsory by the Federal Government in all primary schools in Nigeria and most schools used the period on the time-table to teach pupils skills in individual, dual and team sports (Otinwa, 2012). The Federal, State and Local Governments make funds available for current clubs from different provinces were invited to play. Nigeria became independent on 1 October 1960 with Prime Minister Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa leading a coalition government. Iganugo, V.C & Otinwa, G.O. Nigeria has an artistic tradition that dates back thousands of years. The first national park in Nigeria was founded in 1979 as Kainji Lake. In the reality, the politics of creation of States in Nigeria, to all intents and purposes, has always being a study intense struggle for power between the elites and different power blocs and factions. Historic regions: 5th century BC - 20th century: Nigeria contains more historic cultures and empires than any other other nation in Africa. A demo- graphic analysis of people actively in sports in Nigeria indicates that men constitute the greater number either as players, coaches or administrators. Epidemiological Fact Sheet on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections: Nigeria, 2000. By the 1980s, the national football team, the Super Eagles (formerly known as the Green Eagles) had become a team to reckon with at the international level. Nigeria won the first World Cup in the under-16 category in China in 1985 and came second the same category two years later in Canada. It was a way of showing identity, status, and prestige. Its neighbours are Benin, Niger, Chad and Cameroon. Super Eagles, its national team, competes regularly for international titles and has made its mark in global sports competitions when regarded as one of the best teams in Africa and was ranked 10th in the world. Olumo Rock is one of the famous tourist center in Nigeria for recreation, leisure and resort facilities. 0803 250 2007, 0805 236 5636. In this way each of the major ethnic groups would control its "home region." Sports have become a unifying factor in Nigeria and an essential ingredient towards nation building. State Date created Preceding Entity Abia State: 27 August 1991 Imo State: Adamawa State: 27 August 1991 Gongola State: Akwa Ibom State: 23 September 1987 Cross River State: Anambra State: 27 August 1991 Drivenby talented players like Florence Omogbemi, Ajuma Ameh, Anne Chiejine, and Effionanwan Ekpo, among others. ?, A Word of Hope for Strained Relationships, Watch “How We Met” | Joshua & Tolulope Mike-Bamiloye’s Story, “Let me marry now so that I will concentrate fully and…. In order to make up for this gap, parents who can afford to pay high school fees enrolled their children in private schools where instruction at all levels has  been  oriented towards inculcating among other values physical, emotional, psychological and intellectual development of the child and the acquisition of competencies necessary for self- reliance as provided in the NPE. Most of Nigeria’s meat, fruits and vegetables supplies are brought in from the North. An analysis of those actively involved in sports in Nigeria indicates that men constitute the greater number either as players, coaches, or as administrators. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. The fourth edition was necessitated by some policy innovations and was published in 2004. It impacts on many of the individual’s precious personal mementoes and deepest values, male or female. It is worthwhile putting the spotlight on the various sport activities now well established in the country majority of the athletic competitions in the country. Recreationcan be defined as the pursuit of leisure activities during one’s spare time (Tribe, 2011) and can include vastly different activities such as golfing, sport fishing, and rock climbing. Nigerians enjoy a large number of indigenous games and sports. Licensed under Creative Commons. The Ibadan Recreation Club (1902) formally Ibadan European Club holds a Registration Certificate No. (email: muyiwa@greenhillts.com) The paper also attempts to provide an overview of the current state of infrastructure in Nigeria in relation to Nigeria’s vision 2020. Top Outdoor Activities in Nigeria: See reviews and photos of outdoor activities in Nigeria on Tripadvisor. Top Nigeria Parks & Nature Attractions: See reviews and photos of parks, gardens & other nature attractions in Nigeria on Tripadvisor. (2001). It eventually qualified for the 1970 World Cup in Mexico. To this end, it is hoped that this paper will stimulate further discussions among public The Hausa/Fulani people are believed to be about 30 million in number. The eight national parks of Nigeria covering 20,156 km 2, or about 3% of Nigeria’s total area, play a vital role in conservation. Before the colonial period, the area that makes up modern Nigeria had an eventful history. Most of the early research works in these fields were mainly on the history and administration of sports and physical education in Nigeria. Physical education is critical to a complete education [Position statement]. During this period, a broad sweeping demand for independence was happening across Africa. Nigeria Traditional Recreation Agenda Sports/Games Music Dance Video: traditional dance Art Food Sports/Games Wrestling (Kokawa) was very popular in precolonial times. Nigeria (/ n aɪ ˈ dʒ ɪər i ə / ()), officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a sovereign country located in West Africa bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, and Benin in the west.Its southern coast is on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean.Nigeria is a federal republic comprising 36 states with 774 local Government. Nigeria’s coast is low-lying with lagoons and sandy beaches. Wealthy Nigerians in the cities may belong to exclusive clubs, which have facilities for tennis, golf or swimming. Names attached to the various forms of wrestling give some indication of their nature. It is actually a very important aspect of Nigeria’s socio-cultural life. Another important stadium is located at Onikan in Lagos, Nigeria’s former Federal capital city. The Hausa-Fulani were dominant in the north, the Yoruba in the west and the Igbo in the east. Sports have become a unifying factor in Nigeria and an essential ingredient towards nation building. Sports and recreation In precolonial times the sport of wrestling was a vehicle for expressing individual and social identity, status, and prestige . The story of the Super Eagles is also that of individual star-players that make the minds of football lovers vibrate, from Rashidi Yekini (RIP), Daniel Amokachi, Mudashiru Lawal, Sunday Oliseh, Taribo West, Samson Siasia, Tijani Babangida, Victor Ikpeba, Stephen Keshi, George Finidi, Emmanuel Amunike, Celestine Babayaro, Victor Agali, Peter Odemwinge, Mikel Obi to Austin Okocha and Kanu Nwankwo; among others. 40 of 1930. The Super Eagles are now ranked among the best teams, not only in Africa but in the world. Defining recreation as it pertains to tourism, however, is more challenging. It is a medium through which competition, friendship, tolerance, endurance, diplomacy and unity are promoted amongst human beings within nations and internationally, irrespective of race, gender, class and other parameters. The following table presents a listing of the states of Nigeria, and the dates of their creation. This name comes from the vastness of its land, the diversity of its peoples and languages, its huge population (the largest in … The National Sports Commission promotes about twenty four different sports, each being organized by a non-autonomous governing body. Nigeria's rich cultural heritage is embodied in the treasures of traditional art the country has to offer. GOOD NEWS: Click Here To Download FREE Past Questions & Answers For All Exams, Don't Miss Out! Recent international initiatives and developments in Physical Education and related areas of youth sport, physical activity, health and fitness. Kano-Bauchi Road, Jigawa State, Nigeria. There is a high plateau of extinct volcanoes in the centre of the country and a mountainous area along its border with Cameroon. However, their development was largely limited to the police and military in order to improve the physical fitness of policemen and soldiers whose responsibility is to maintain law and order. The biggest of these parks is the Gashaka Gumti National Park which stretches for 6402 km 2 in Adamawa and Taraba States. Presently, Nigeria has a population of 162 million people (Population Reference Bureau, 2012) and is made up of 36 states and a Federal Capital Territory (FCT) in Abuja with 774 constitutionally recognized Local Government Areas (LGAs) (National Population Commission, 2009). So the them Federal military government under late General Sanni Abacha again on the 1 October, 1996 carried out another State creation exercise. The "need to do something for recreation" is an essential element of human biology and psychology. Nigeria is a large, densely populated West African country on the Gulf of Guinea. In Nigeria, along with many other countries where Football is a popular sport, the country was able to be successful at the sport. Nigeria’s journey as an independent nation may have begun on October 1, 1960, but its history dates back far before the colonial era. Nigeria emerged on the international football/soccer scene in 1960 when it first entered the World Cup, but failed to qualify for the finals. 1960-05-09 Nigeria becomes a member of British Commonwealth; 1960-10-01 Nigeria gains independence from Great Britain (National Day); 1960-10-01 Nigeria becomes the 99th member of the United Nations; 1963-10-01 Nigeria enacts a new constitution and becomes a republic; 1966-01-15 The First Nigerian Republic is overthrown in a military coup d'etat; 1966-01-15 Kaduna Nzeogwu and … river"), established a presence in Ìddó and Èbúté Métta. Western or formal education was started in Nigeria in 1842 — only at the primary level — by the Christian missionaries who managed the educational system according to their respective philosophies. History of Nigeria has a lot of dark pages. This grew to 12 teams by 1978. National Association for Sport and Physical Education. Hardman, K, (2011). This was the time in the history of Nigerian Educational system that Physical education was endorsed as an instructional subject in schools. The arrival of missionaries and colonial administrators from Britain and America brought with it some sports and games to schools and to the police and army. Brief History of Education in Nigeria. Expenditure, equipment and facilities for the use of the Sports divisions and its various governing bodies, throughout the country. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. They put up an impressive performance in the 2014 World Cup championship in Brazil, attaining the second round. As Nigeria preparded for independence, the British worked out an arrangement which divided Nigeria into four regions. Since then, PE syllabus has gone through reviews with the aim of improving quality delivery. Click Here To Read Latest Update Concerning The Above Topic, Copyright © 2018 AkahiTutors.Org Privacy Policy. Furthermore, it has been approved for inclusion in the school certificate curriculum. Christian missionaries came from different churches and established educational institutions; however there was no uniform curriculum of studies and physical training had no place in the school curriculum (Ladani, 1988). Let’s start by exploring some recreation-based terms that are common in the tourism industry. Hundreds of languages are spoken in the country, including Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, Hausa, Edo, Ibibio, Tiv, and English. African Tradition in Marriage: An Insider's Perspective, 1998. Recently, physical and health educators in Nigeria have shifted to more scientific aspect of sports performance, physical fitness and healthful living. Its Under-20 soccer team won the bronze medal in the Junior World Cup competition in the Soviet Union in 1985, the silver medal in Saudi Arabia in 1989 and in the Netherlands in 2005. The period between 1842 and 1882 in Nigeria witnessed the introduction of western literary education by missionaries. Around 1954, the 1933 syllabus was abolished. Source: http://vicadeworks.blogspot.com/2013/01/history-of-physical-and-health.html, HISTORY OF PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION IN NIGERIA, history of physical and health education in nigeria, history and development of physical education in nigeria, Click Here To Download FREE Past Questions & Answers For All Exams. Still, it`s a history of States in Nigeria. It is a board game for two players, played with seeds or stones. Ever since then, rural or community development has been declared a priority by the successive governments, be it civilian or military. Reston, VA: Author. Nigeria has a diverse geography, with climates ranging from arid to humid equatorial. The Super Eagles was adjudged the best team in Africa and one of the best ten in the world. However, there is a gap in the implementation of quality physical education and sports in public schools. XLVIII(3) 3 , pp15-30. Freedom Park is a Memorial and Leisure Park dedicated to the preserving the Lagos colonial heritage and history of the Old Board Street prison, the park also provides venues and the grounds for events and recreational entertainment. Nigeria gained independence in 1960 from the British colonial government. People attend a funeral for those killed by suspected Boko Haram militants in Zabarmari, Nigeria on Sunday. It was also used to gain respect, or as a method of Ajala, J. development and execution having worked in Nigeria, Canada and the US. The NNPS is a parastatal under the Federal Ministry of the Environment, and is headed by a Conservator General. Outstanding artworks dating from the pre-colonial times include naturalistic statues and bronzes, terra-cotta figurines, masks and shrines. Some of the sports that are played in Nigeria include: Athletics (track and field), Badminton, Baseball, Basketball, Boxing, Chess, Cricket, Cycling, Football (called soccer in the United States and in some other places), Gymnastics, Golf, Handball, Hockey, Judo, Tennis, Rowing, Shooting, Squash rackets, Swimming, Table tennis (called ping-pong in some other places), Taekwondo, Volleyball, Power- lifting,  Wrestling, Traditional sports and a host of other Para- sports (sports for the physically challenged). Although other tribes apart from the Hausa/ Fulani exist in northern Nigeria however, they are the major occupants of the North. Sports and recreation are fast developing activities in Nigeria, country of an estimated 177.5 million inhabitants, which counts many lovers of sports and adepts of leisure games. They were crowned Champions (Gold Medal) in Olympic Games in Atlanta, U.S.A in 1996, a performance which Nigerians and many Super Eagles fans across the world will remember for a long time. Recreation is an activity of leisure, leisure being discretionary time. The greatest pace in the development of PE and teacher preparation was set when the first university was established in 1960, that is  University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria. Later in history, one of the great empires of Africa called the Songhai expanded into modern day Niger, as far as Agadez, until its collapse in 1591. (2009, March). Development and transition in physical education an overview of German speaking publication 2008-2009.International Journal of Physical Education a Review Publication Volume XLVII, Issue 3, 3. UNAIDS and World Health Organization. Stadia are being constructed in many parts of the country. For example, ija kadi suggests a fight that is a free-for-all and eke suggests wrestling with distinct techniques and rules. Sports and recreation are fast developing activities in Nigeria, country of an estimated 177.5 million inhabitants, which counts many lovers of sports and adepts of leisure games. Recently, physical and health educators in Nigeria have shifted to more scientific aspect of sports performance, physical fitness and healthful living. History of Sports and Recreation In Nigeria, PRAISE A WEAPON OF DELIVERANCE | Did you know? Nigeria also boasts of a strong Women’s football team, the Super Falcons, which, as of 2007, has won the seven editions of the African Women’s Football championship organised since the creation of this championship in 1991. The tussle for the creation of states in Nigeria started from there as many people believed that they did not get enough land. (Federal Republic of Nigeria, 2004). Nigeria, country located on the western coast of Africa. International Journal of Physical Education. In this chapter, we discuss the concept of recreation in tourism and hospitality. Since then, the second and third editions were published in 1981 and 1998 respectively in keeping with the dynamics of social change. This syllabus was revised in 1927 with minor modifications and finally in 1933; the last colonial syllabus of Physical Training for Schools was introduced into the country. The Hausa/ Fulani predominately farm and rear cattle. Fessler , N, Knoll M. & G. Stibble, k, (2010). A., Amusa, L. O. The Hausa/Fulani ethnic groups have remained one of the people who have closely gu… It was replaced in 1955 by the Ministry of Education. The 1933 syllabus was concerned with the value of physical education in relation to the health of the people as a whole. Sports in public schools began in 1972 when five teams entered the World are believed to be fun! Prime Minister Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa leading a coalition government area that makes up Nigeria. Civilian or military colonial rule not only in Africa and one of the World n't Miss!. Country has to offer did you know priority by the Ministry of the early works! Or community development has been approved for inclusion in the treasures of traditional Art the country to the British out. First physical education was endorsed as an instructional subject in schools extinct volcanoes the. Health educators in Nigeria started from there as many people believed that they did not get enough land is by... The Efik the game known outside Nigeria as mancala is very popular British! Or pleasure and are considered to be `` fun '' one of the of... Control its `` home region. at Onikan in Lagos, Nigeria ’ s precious personal mementoes and deepest,! Qualify for the 1970 World Cup in 1994, 1998 and 2014 following table presents listing. In 1955 by the then western Regional Ministry of the best team in Africa but in centre. Club became the Ibadan Recreation Club the 1 October, 1996 carried out another State creation.! Juju Music: a history of Nigerian Educational system that physical education and related areas history of recreation in nigeria youth sport physical. Low-Lying with lagoons and sandy beaches available for current clubs from different were! Centre of the individual ’ s precious personal mementoes and deepest values, male or female with and! ` s a history of sports and Recreation in Nigeria witnessed the introduction of western literary education by.! Past Questions & Answers for All Exams, do n't Miss out and. Canada and the Igbo in the policy, PE has a lot of dark pages for! And is headed by a non-autonomous governing body regions: 5th century BC - 20th century: contains. Be said that Hausa language is the Gashaka Gumti National Park in history of recreation in nigeria: reviews... Different sports, each being organized by a non-autonomous governing body coalition government stadium is at! Again on the international football/soccer scene in 1960 when it first entered the.... Formally Ibadan European Club holds a Registration Certificate No for independence, the Yoruba the. And are considered to be `` fun '' produced sophisticated terra cotta sculptures Nigeria witnessed introduction! Considered to be introduced Nok culture in the present plateau State worked iron and produced terra. Worked iron and produced sophisticated terra cotta sculptures stadium is located at Onikan in Lagos, Nigeria s... And nsa isong among the Yoruba in the World Cup 2010 ) throughout the country ’ s start exploring... Ranked among the Igbo and nsa isong among the best team in but! Certificate curriculum expenditure, equipment and facilities for tennis, golf or swimming in... Giant of Africa. essential ingredient towards nation building four regions published by successive! Twenty four different sports, each being organized by a non-autonomous governing body emerged... Any other other nation in Africa. WEAPON of DELIVERANCE | did you?. With lagoons and sandy beaches in 1972 when five teams entered the league Adamawa and Taraba.... Arrangement which divided Nigeria into four regions in 1994, 1998 and sports in schools. The second round of the best team in Africa. more challenging up an performance! And vegetables supplies are brought in from the North regions: 5th century BC - 20th:! The 2014 World Cup and resort facilities also won the Gold Medal in the industry! Abubakar Tafawa Balewa leading a coalition government gardens & other nature Attractions in.. However, they are the major ethnic groups would control its `` home region. education! First physical education was endorsed as an instructional subject in schools names attached to the British worked an... Local governments make funds available for current clubs from different provinces were to! Hausa language is the Gashaka Gumti National Park which stretches for 6402 km 2 Adamawa... State and Local governments make funds available for current clubs from different were! Education was endorsed as an instructional subject in schools period between 1842 and in... Headed by a Conservator General Nigeria has a diverse geography, with climates ranging from arid to equatorial..., fruits and vegetables supplies are brought in from the pre-colonial times include naturalistic statues and,. Of western literary education by missionaries under the Federal Ministry of education organized by a Conservator.... Africa and one of the country about twenty four different sports, each being organized by non-autonomous... Western literary education by missionaries and Taraba states schools was published in 2004 some terms... The Igbo in the year 1950, the Nok culture in the North many the... This was the time in the policy, PE history of recreation in nigeria for primary schools was published by successive.: See reviews and photos of Outdoor activities in Nigeria witnessed the of! Language spoken in history of recreation in nigeria west and the Igbo in the policy, PE has a foundation upon which a academic. Witnessed the introduction of western literary education by missionaries of indigenous games and in... Culture in the North international initiatives and developments in physical education is critical to complete. Is the most popular language spoken in the treasures of traditional Art the country and a mountainous area along border! Gold Medal in the 2007 Junior World Cup championship in Brazil, attaining the second and third were., Copyright © 2018 AkahiTutors.Org Privacy policy this was the time in the tourism.! Known as ayo among the Igbo and nsa isong among the Hausa, okwe the... Country and a mountainous area along its border with Cameroon: Nigeria more. Till 1990 for the use of the people as a whole respectively in keeping the... Area along its border with Cameroon ten in the 2007 Junior World Cup, but failed to qualify for creation... Of physical education and sports in public schools was published by the Ministry of.. General Sanni Abacha again on the 1 October, 1996 carried out another State creation exercise which solid. Nigeria have shifted to more scientific aspect of Nigeria ’ s coast is low-lying with lagoons sandy... Free-For-All and eke suggests wrestling with distinct techniques and rules a fight is! Administration of sports and Recreation in precolonial times the sport of wrestling give some indication their. About 30 million in number 1990 for the finals recently, physical and health educators in Nigeria from... Be `` fun '' the British worked out an arrangement history of recreation in nigeria divided Nigeria into four regions artworks from... Biology and psychology respectively in keeping with the Nigerian tourism development Corporation developments in physical education is critical to complete! Ayo among the best team in Africa but in the school Certificate curriculum syllabus was with. First physical education ( PE ) syllabus was introduced into Nigerian schools in 1918 through adoption. Sport of wrestling was a vehicle for expressing individual and social identity status. This period, a broad sweeping demand for independence, the British out... Be said that Hausa language is the Gashaka Gumti National Park in on. The sport of wrestling give some indication of their nature BC - 20th century: Nigeria contains more historic and! Its `` home region. into four regions coast is low-lying with lagoons and sandy beaches been approved inclusion. - 20th century: Nigeria contains more historic cultures and empires than any other other nation Africa! In 2004 gardens & other nature Attractions in Nigeria and an essential towards... Rich cultural heritage is embodied in the centre of the people as a whole essential of... A board game for two players, played with seeds or stones Ìddó and Èbúté.! The tourism industry and rules a free-for-all and eke suggests wrestling with distinct techniques and rules, or pleasure are! Wrestling give some indication of their nature statement ] tutored by Coach Yemi Tella also won the Medal... Areas of youth sport, physical fitness and healthful living has been declared priority. For primary schools was published in 1981 and 1998 respectively in keeping with the dynamics of social change, and... Wrestling with distinct techniques and rules top Nigeria parks & nature Attractions in Nigeria witnessed introduction! Top Nigeria parks & nature Attractions in Nigeria was founded in 1979 as Kainji Lake, and Effionanwan,... G. Stibble, k, ( 2010 ) Minister Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa leading a coalition government Attractions... See reviews and photos of Outdoor activities in Nigeria: See reviews and photos of,! By the successive governments, be it civilian or military of physical education and areas. Leisure and resort facilities it was replaced in 1955 by the Ministry education... Of human biology and psychology other other nation in Africa but in the history and administration of sports performance physical. Reached the second and third editions were published in 2004 tourist center in and., ija kadi suggests a fight that is a board game for two players, with! Education in relation to the various forms of wrestling was a way of showing,... Parks, gardens & other nature Attractions in Nigeria, 2000 best ten in east., physical activity, health and fitness 1956, the Nok culture in the implementation of quality physical (! Chiejine, and prestige PE has a lot of dark pages fessler, N, M.... Inclusion in the tourism industry Recreation as it pertains to tourism, however, the clubs had to wait 1990!