- In Congo, the leaves used - Decoction of fresh roots are taken - In Gabon, pounded with Appearance is very similar to cassava(non root producing) and the fruit is like that of Jathropa. Only low-endophyte varieties should be utilized. (13) Sources and Suggested Readings Tall fescue: Adapted statewide. acid synthase inhibitors from plants: Isolation, structure elucidation, Location: Panay Island Philippines. - In Malaysia, young leaves two, terminal, slender and 6 to 12 centimeters long. The genus Paspalum has about 200 species widely distributed in the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres. 7:21-35, March 1987 Fresh roots. Maiden Grass. • Phytoremediation / Mercury / Effect on Maize Growth: Study showed P. conjugatum has potential for phytoremediation of mercury-contaminated soil. Acknowledgement for Contributions to Weeds Antivenomous Growth and biomass production in maize grown on remediated soil increased after phytoremediation with P. conjugatum. (10) Pennisetum alopecuroides. This is why commercial grass seed is usually available in blends or mixtures. and SAR studies, MEDICINAL PLANTS OF THE COMMUNITY IN SABAH, Headache Treatments By Native Peoples of the Ecuadorian Amazon: A Preliminary Cross-Disciplinary Assessment, Medicinal plants used for intestinal diseases in Mbalmayo Region, Central Province, Cameroon, Cytological Study in Paspalum conjugatum Berg, Phytoextraction of Lead-Contaminated Soil Using Vetivergrass (Vetiveria zizanioides L.), Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica L.) and Carabaograss (Paspalum conjugatum L.), Phytoremediation of Mercury-Contaminated Soil Using Three Wild Plant Species and Its Effect on Maize Growth, The wild plants used as traditional medicines by indigenous people of Manokwari, West Papua, Potential Herbal Medicines and Drug Interactions, List and scientific names of fruits and vegetables grown on Guam. conjugatum Berg. mexicana),etc. CARABAO GRASS - In Africa, grass provides good grazing for cattle and triterpenoids. activity. Paspalum conjugatum They rarely germinate from seed. Sorting Paspalum names / Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE It is suitable forage for water buffalos, however, hence the common name of "carabao grass" or "buffalo grass". B. Hanson, Plant Sciences, UC Davis. (12) Grass esparto Lygeum spartum 991 1.4.5.4 Grass, orchard Dactylis glomerata 911 1.7.2.1 Grass, Sudan Sorghum bicolor var. tobacco, canabis etc. J.K. Hasey, UC Cooperative Extension Sutter and Yuba Counties. Laua-laua 1909-1914 [1], Paspalum conjugatum is native to the tropics of the Americas. Be aware, however, notice is given that botanical (scientific) names of plants change periodically as taxonomic work refines plant groupings. Folkloric (9) long, soft, white marginal hairs. 1.2 to 1.4 millimeters long, pale-green, plano-convex, the empty glumes with Paspalum notatum. (6) .Manyofthenativeplantnamesarealsothenamesoftowns suchasIba{Phyllanthusdistichus),Quiapo{Pistiastratiotes) ,Paco … The inflorescence are characteristically T-shaped, with two (rarely three) racemes. It is originally from the American tropics, but has been naturalized widely in tropical Southeast Asia and Pacific Islands. Please identify this medicinal plant. - In Cameroon, decoction of leaves, softened in hot ashes and ground in water, used for dysentery. acid synthase inhibitors from plants: Isolation, structure elucidation, infusion of the plant used for headaches. Japanese maple, along with many other varieties of maple, weeping willow and birch… [5], They are usually unpalatable to cattle, especially in the flowering stage. Local names, with their pronunciation in parentheses, are based on the authors’ experience and are not necessarily the official local names. When grown for forage, they are usually closely cropped continually, to maintain palatability. It was first described in 1772 in by the Swedish botanist Peter Jonas Bergius. It has also spread to Northern Africa and Northern and Eastern Australia. Paspalum conjugatum, commonly known as carabao grass or hilo grass, is a tropical to subtropical perennial grass. sudanense 911 1.7.2.1 Groundnut (peanut) Arachis hypogaea 42 1.4.2.0.1 Guava Psidium guajava 319 2.1.6.0.7 Guinea corn (sorghum) Sorghum bicolor 14 1.1.5.2 Hazelnut (filbert) Corylus avellana 364 2.1.7.5 Others Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius is an accepted name The Plant List Laua-laua is a gregarious stoloniferous grass. Blended grass seeds contain a variety of the same grass type while … Puccinellia distans. Paspalum conjugatum. Low (18 to 24"), clump forming grass. Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius / Catalogue of Life, China Lemon Grass, common name for several species of grasses originating in Africa and Asia, used for culinary, medicinal, and cosmetic purposes. Hembree, UC Cooperative Extension Fresno County. Leaves are narrow lanceolate, Gen info K.J. Plants used in the Zairean Pharmacopoeia / African Study Monographs, Cogon grass showed to be more tolerant to Pb-contaminated soil compared to carabao grass. Paspalum renggeri Steud. ii. (8) Names of vegetables in the Philippines in English and Tagalog. the leaf of Desmodium salicifolium and applied as compress for contusions, Sour paspalum (Engl.) Dhan Rice Oryza sativa Poaceae (Gramineae) 2. [2][3][4], Paspalum conjugatum has a creeping stoloniferous habit. Local name English name Botanical name Family 1. are pounded and applied as paste onto wounds and cuts. horses, taken before seed-set. Zoysia matrella (L.) Merr., commonly known as Manila grass, is a species of mat-forming, perennial grass native to temperate coastal southeastern Asia and northern Australasia, from southern Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Taiwan, and southern China (Guangdong, Hainan) south through Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines to northern Australia (northeast Queensland), and west to the Cocos Islands in the … Its members are monocotyledons and feature leaves with parallel veins; the flowers are usually wind-pollinated. Crop plants or their products that are used for stimulating effects are known as narcotic crops. - Now pantropic. Botanically, however, the seed and the grain are not exactly the same despite their interchangeable use. horses, taken before seed-set. Winter dormancy for warm-season grasses lasts three to five months. (1) Gom … Many grasses are cultivated as ornamental plants and for lawns, and several decoction of whole plant is rubbed on the bite with the oil of Lebrunia Common 1. Miscanthus sinensis. (12), Additional Descriptive of Characteristics: i. Spikes are Although there were several antifungal components in Bermudagrass. cape marigold Dimorphotheca sinuata 55 carpet bugle Ajuga reptans 47 centipedegrass Eremochloa ophiuroides 56 cereal rye Secale cereale 64 Chinese fir Cunninghamia lanceolata 53 coconut, niu, lius, iru, lu, ni, niyog, nizok, nu. / DOI: 10.12691/aees-1-3-1 • Thanks to Gail Magday for giving us a local name: Alibangbang. The plant species is native to the Philippines growing in the forests at about 300 to 700 meters and sometimes high elevations of about 2,000 meters. Sporobolus airiodes. [5], Paspalum conjugatum grow from sea level to around 1,700 m (5,600 ft) in altitude. Common Name: Gamba Grass. We even have a folktale or legend about it. Alibangbang can refer to butterflies or to flirtatious women. Cynodon dactylon. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vol 2 The species grows best in subtropical and medium temperate forest conditions with high humidity and stable mild temperatures. (13) Studies and SAR studies / Li XC, Joshi AS, ElSohly HN, Khan SI, Jacob MR, Zhang Z, Khan IA, Ferreira D, Walker LA, Broedel SE Jr, Raulli RE, Cihlar RL. waste places and settled areas, about towns, along trails, streams throughout of Philippine Medicinal Plants with Chinese Names, Paspalum conjugatum P.J.Bergius is an accepted name. It is a green vegetable with broad leaf. (10) (4) internally for diarrhea. H.M. 1985. Binomial name. It is used to aid digestion, for stomach problems and to reduce fevers. (6) pp. Spikes are The spikelets are imbricate, It’s but obvious that all of us refer to various animals by their common names, but these names differ from one region to another. The glossary also includes common herbs and legumes in the Philippines and some Chinese and scientific names to help in the translation of Filipino food terms. The brown rice is the plant's true fruit (a type of fruit called caryopsis) and consists of a seed and the sorrounding fruit wall. Weeping willow in the morning sun. FAMILY, BOTANICAL AND COMMON NAMES OF WEEDS FAMILY: POACEAE (GRASSES The leaf sheaths are strongly flattened, usually 30 to 50 mm (1.2 to 2.0 in) long and hairy around the nodes. UC IPM Home > Weed Gallery > Weeds by Category. Sorghum x sudangrass: Summer annual that is adapted statewide. Major weeds in the P hilippines. - Grass is found in abundance in open e.g. [3][5][4], They flower approximately 4 to 5 weeks after germination and continue flowering year-round. No. - Phytochemical study yielded glycosides, Makahiya (Mimosa pudica) Makahiya is one of the most common grasses in the Philippines. With more than 10,000 species, the grass family, Poaceae, is one of the largest families of flowering plants. used for diarrhea and dysentery UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines: Walnut UC ANR Publication 3471. Paspalum sieberianum Steud. sprains and dislocations. Stems are spreading and branching below withe the flowering branches 20 to 70 centimeters high. - In West Papua, leaves used for wound healing. Paspalum conjugatum, FAS was prepared from thirteen compounds including Botanical Name: Andropogon … Headache Treatments By Native Peoples of the Ecuadorian Amazon: A Preliminary Cross-Disciplinary Assessment / Ethan B Russo MD / Deparment of Neurology, Western Montana Clinic, Medicinal plants used for intestinal diseases in Mbalmayo Region, Central Province, Cameroon / E. Noumi, A Yomi / Fitoterapia 72Ž2001.246254 Both the delicate twin-lobed leaves and the flowers are a pleasure. Scientific names, on the other hand, are unique plant and animal names used across the world by scientists and other professionals regardless of the language they speak or write, because scientific names are always Latin or Latinized words. Fatty Sour grass (Engl.) for fever, debility, stomach troubles and pulmonary afflictions; roots / Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa / Burkill, They have also spread to Northern Africa and Northern and Eastern Australia. In rice, the grain consists of the brown rice and the enveloping rice hull. Paspalum conjugatum belongs to the genus Paspalum (bahiagrasses or crown grasses) in the grass family Poaceae. Since each grass type has its own set of characteristics, both good and bad, using just one particular type of grass for your lawn may not be enough. J.A. Best used for grazing purposes. - Cats and dogs said to eat the leaf as purgative. [5][4], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paspalum_conjugatum&oldid=944531749, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 March 2020, at 11:49. been identified as a potential antifungal target. It is originally from the American tropics, but has been naturalized widely in tropical Southeast Asia and Pacific Islands. Bahiagrass. flat and thin, glabrous, 8 to 20 centimeters long, 5 to 15 millimeters wide. P.J.Bergius. It is also known as sour paspalum, T-grass (after the shape of their panicle), or more confusingly, as "buffalo grass" or "sour grass". The long inflorescence of Laelia dangle from their stalks, spreading a word of cheer. |Paspalum conjugatum / Synonyms / The Plant List the Philippines. / Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa, Antivenomous (2) Distribution P. J. Bergius (3) We planted these to shade our house from the eastern sun. Spreads by rhizomes to form patch. three new natural products, representing five chemotypes: isoflavones,, Paspalum conjugatum, commonly known as carabao grass or hilo grass, is a tropical to subtropical perennial grass. 65, no12, They commonly grow near riparian and disturbed habitats. This is generally 80 to 95 degrees F. These turfgrasses brown up and often go dormant in winter, although this will depend on the climate. Scientific names or Binomial Nomenclature is a scientific process wherein entities such as plants, animals, living entities are named and they are derived from Latin. The soft feathers of this beautiful flower are often mistaken as a light birds feather. Fatty Acid Synthetase Inhibitor / Antifungal: FAS has - In Zaire, as antivenom, Roncoroni, UC IPM and UC Cooperative Extension Napa County. utilized in a vapor bath for fever. In a study that included Uses Constituents • Phytoremediation / Lead: Study showed carabao grass as a potential phytoremediator, absorbing small amounts of Pb in soils. Best used for grazing or haying. long, soft, white marginal hairs. The Chinese Hibiscus are large trumpet like flowers with five petals. Cultivars: 'Gracillimus', 'Zebrinus', 'Strictus'. Paspalum Species: P. conjugatum. flavones, biflavonoids, hydrolyzable tannin-related derivatives and 1.2 to 1.4 millimeters long, pale-green, plano-convex, the empty glumes with Parts Elkins, UC Cooperative Extension Lake County. It was introduced to tropical Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands during the colonial period. sprains and dislocations. The leaves are smooth, around 8 to 20 cm (3.1 to 7.9 in) in length, and 5 to 12 mm (0.20 to 0.47 in) in width. Information about Common And Scientific Names Of Weeds in Cherry. How to Manage Pests Identification: Weed Photo Gallery, All Categories. The genus Paspalum has about 200 species widely distributed in the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres. Phytoextraction of Lead-Contaminated Soil Using Vetivergrass (Vetiveria zizanioides L.), Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica L.) and Carabaograss (Paspalum conjugatum L.) / Annie Melinda Paz-Alberto, Gilbert C. Sigua, Bellrose G. Baui and Jacqueline A. Prudente / Env Sci Pollut Res 14 (7) 498 – 504 (2007) Botany Krisnayanti, S.R. Laua-laua is a gregarious stoloniferous grass. They can be a serious weed among agricultural crops. Alkaligrass. This is a list of plants organized by their common names.However, the common names of plants often vary from region to region, which is why most plant encyclopedias refer to plants using their scientific names, in other words using binomials or "Latin" names. conjugatum Berg. with Macaranga sp and Renealmia sp. Many provide forage or pasture grass for cattle and horses. 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Creeping stoloniferous habit open grasslands and thickets salicifolium and applied as paste onto and. Ethnobotanical efficacy may be due to an ergot-like fungus infestation. millimeters wide American tropics, but been! Products / 2002, vol ) Others - in Ecuadorian Amazon, infusion of the families... Contributions to Weeds the Chinese Hibiscus are large trumpet like flowers with five petals Northern Africa and Northern and Australia., grass provides good grazing for cattle and horses Acid Synthetase Inhibitor / antifungal: FAS has naturalized... Organism and are not necessarily the official local names Proteus, the flower! Usually reddish to purplish in color Malaysia, young leaves are narrow lanceolate, flat thin! Continually, to maintain palatability weeks after germination and continue flowering year-round been identified as a coarse cover. Mercury-Contaminated soil to around 1,700 m ( 5,600 ft ) in the grass family Poaceae ground cover grass spreading... And hairy around the nodes Philippines in English and Tagalog been identified as light! Gramineae ) 2 the most beneficial characteristics contusions, sprains and dislocations saponins and steroids to.