A: Much of what goes into deciding what scale to use over any given chord is all about the context (what chords are surrounding it, how is it functioning harmonically, etc.) It works well over a 7b13 chord as long as there is a NATURAL 9 and not a b9 or #9. And today I’m signing off, Bass Bit #10. In this lesson we will look at the major, natural minor, harmonic minor, melodic minor, chromatic, whole tone and pentatonic scales. When a short-scale bass is tuned to standard pitch, its strings will be looser in comparison to a 34"-scale bass with strings of identical mass. 707-280-1270. All other notes are a whole-step apart. The Whole Tone Scale Examples of the Whole Tone Scale. The pattern for a whole-tone scale is easy to remember because it consists only of whole-steps (W): Or in tones and semitones it would be: T – T – T – T – T – T… But the chord symbol of course will say one of those six notes. A whole tone scale is a type of scale where each note is an interval of a tone (whole step) apart. A vast number of jazz tunes, including many standards, use augmented chords and their corresponding scales as well, usually to create tension in turnarounds or as a substitute for a dominant seventh chord. In D, it contains a minor third and minor seventh, so is most commonly found in blues and jazz improvisation. Whole Tone Scales. An die Jugend for piano, the right hand part of the "Preludietto, Fughetta ed Esercizio" is based on the whole tone scale (Stuckenschmidt 1970, 109). In twelve-tone equal temperament, there are only two complementary whole-tone scales, both six-note or hexatonic scales: I never thought of it in terms of half-step approach notes. info)). Two mutually exclusive whole-tone scales are formed by choosing alternate notes of the chromatic scale (which has 12 notes per octave).Thus, the whole-tone scale comprises six degrees per octave. Bass Guitar Scales pdf FREE DOWNLOAD Bass Scales are successions of notes with a relationship between them and it is necessary, for any instrument, to know and master them.. That’s some weird stuff. The Whole Tone Scale: Is used over augmented chords or as a substitute over dominant chordsCan only be transposed onceC2 0C2 1… More About Whole-Half Scale ? Then you go like that and then flip that around. [playing: 1.59 to 2.01] Okay, so it’s always the same idea: three whole steps. We have to mix sharps and flats in those kinds of scales else it gets too crazy! ), Béla Bartók also uses whole-tone scales in his fifth string quartet. 43–44, in the bass, "while the melody moves down chromatically" (Leikin 2015, 128) Alexander Dargomyzhsky. Scott Thune's bass on that section is all augmented arpeggios and whole tone scale fragments.. maybe worth a listen for a bass application of the whole tone in rock n roll Jan 10, 2005 #7 Bruce Lindfield Unprofessional TalkBass Contributor Gold Supporting Member In Memoriam Art Tatum and Thelonious Monk are two pianists who used the whole-tone scale extensively and creatively. There are really only two whole tone scales. A Whole Tone Scale bass tab by Lessons - Scales. (On the bass fretboard, adjacent frets are a semitone apart. It is built from only whole steps. C Whole-tone scale . However, the whole tone scale has 6 notes that are all a whole step apart, making its intervallic formula easy to remember - W-W-W-W-W-W. Going up you use the black numbers, going down use the gray numbers. The Greasebucket tone circuit is a nice touch, adding in a bit of extra tonal variety, while the satin finish makes it a dream to play. In my book (Music Theory for the Bass Player) I describe the whole tone scale quite early on. Another interval by which the whole tone scale is symmetric through multiplication would be the so called tri-tone [playing: 7.00]. or a jazz minor? Tones and Semitones in a Minor Scale The fact that the chords and the scale don’t have any sense of resolution makes it difficult to listen to for long periods of time, like for a whole song. It comprises 17 different scale types in all 12 keys, over one and two octaves. Basically you are gonna be marking out exactly half of the notes of the fret board. or a jazz minor? 7,599 views, added to favorites 123 times. Unlimited access to 27000+ back issues: No contract or commitment. Remember, with your Bass Nation Membership you will have access to: Every Complete Lesson. However, these are only the most overt examples of the use of this scale in jazz. Pentatonic scale / Whole-tone scale / Octatonic Scale The first four bars of ‘Pagodes’ from Estampes are based on a B pentatonic (five-note) scale: B,C#, D#, F# and G# In the following two bars (5-6) Debussy keeps the pentatonic scale in the right hand but adds an A natural to the chord in the left hand. The interval formula of a whole tone scale is: W – W – W – W – W – W(whole steps). Q: So, do you play whole tone scales over the ?5, and altered scales over the dominant chords. Prelude No. Bass Bit #10! The whole-tone scale, consisting entirely of whole tones is in contradistinction to the chromatic scale (which consists entirely of half steps or semitones), as well as diatonic scales like the major and minor scales which consist of semitones and whole tones. It's time to get your bass on! And the scale that starts with E, So, whole tone scale! So it’s a geeky and really fun scale. And when you go down, you go, 4,2 scoot 1, 4,2 scoot 1, 4,2 scoot 1, 4,2 go back. In a sense, the chord symbol would say E7#5 right? That is, if your bassline is simply outlining triads or chord tones, thinking about changing scales has little advantage; you will play the right notes just by playing the right chord tones. Oliver Neighbor. In the case of this scale, a 1/2 step interval followed by a whole step interval. Whole Tone Scale. The whole tone scale is easily recognizable for a few reasons. Home > Symmetric Scales > Whole-Tone Scale > B Whole-Tone Scale Thank you for checking it out and for commenting! It’s the completely opposite of a chromatic scale– which is made up entirely of half step intervals (semitones). Bass tablature for The Two Whole Tone Scales by Bass Lessons. Besides a #5, a whole tone scale … It makes no sense because now I’m at the octave so can I just say E (please!) Whole tone scales are often used in jazz, and can be used to play over augmented and augmented 7th chords such as G+, or G7+. Prelude No. Make a recording send it to me. Bass Nation Forums. Piston analyses. As a bass player, you may or may not need to worry about applying the harmonic minor scale in the same way as a soloist. Kudos to this post for doing both. 43–44, in the bass, "while the melody moves down chromatically" (Leikin 2015, 128) Alexander Dargomyzhsky. And the scale that starts with E [playing 3.11 to 3.12] has the same notes than the scale that start with F# has the [playing 3.16] same notes that starts with G#. Unlimited access to 27000+ back issues: No contract or commitment. "The Evolution of Twelve-Note Music", p.56. Is it correct to think that the whole-half scale follows the same concept, except it applies to approaching the dim7 chord tones from a whole step below?---M-A's Comment: Absolutely. The only other scale like this is the chromatic scale. Check this out: [playing: 5.09 to 5.12] 2,4,1,3, 2,4,1,3. Bass tablature for The Two Whole Tone Scales by Bass Lessons. For instance a G7 augmented 5th dominant chord in which G altered scale tones would work before resolving to C7, a tritone substitution chord such as D♭9 or D♭7♯11 is often used in which D♭/G whole tone scale tones will work, the sharpened 11th degree being a G and the flattened 7th being a C♭, the enharmonic equivalent of B, the major third in the G dominant chord. Q: So, do you play whole tone scales over the ?5, and altered scales over the dominant chords. In contrast to the chromatic scale, the whole-tone scale is entirely built on whole steps (or a staircase containing only large steps), resulting in a shorter scale length than the major, minor, and chromatic scales. It is built from only whole steps. • CapCat Music Media INC • 201 E Center St Ste 112 PMB 5033
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Whole-tone scale, all keys. If you decide that PocketmagsPlus is not for you, you can cancel your monthly subscription online at any time. On top of page 29, you see a dot [playing: 4.03 to 4.10] diagram that details how to finger the whole tone scale. "The Childhood of the Whole-Tone Scale", p.17-19. Since the first, third, and fifth degrees of this scale form an aug- mented triad, this scale can be be played over augmented chords. lot about: the symmetry of the bass fretboard; how notes work; shapes within shapes The whole tone scale has a major 3rd and minor 7th, thereby making it appropriate over dominant 7th chords. one whole step, this scale doesn’t really have a beginning and an end. And again, the sound that we’re having when we’re using it, is a dominant chord with a sharp 5 in it; and if that doesn’t mean anything to you, don’t worry about it. This is Ariane. Berg (1928), Sieben Fruhe Lieder, Wien, Universal Edition, Harrison, Max (1960) "Gil Evans: the Arranger as re-composer", article in, Wayne Shorter Jazz Play Along, Milwaukee,Hal Leonard, "Trinkle-Tinkle" from Cardenas, S. and Sickler, D. It’s a very distinctive sound that creates a blurred and eerie sound. Rated 5.0 out of 5 by 1 user. The interval between each note is the same. Do that again, so I just go 1,2 right? And in symmetric scales like this, you do not have to worry about whether you name your notes by sharps or flats. The Whole Tone Scale Fun to Play and Sounds Great! Monk's "Four in One" (1948) and "Trinkle-Tinkle" (1952) are fine examples of this. Send me my free book. E Whole-tone scale . ... ← Major Inversions Lesson. Play the whole tone scale over this progression, and then try to improvise over it. Download Pdf. So I can go directly from [playing: 7.15 to 7.17] the G to the D-flat by using this [playing: 7.19 to 7.22] D-flat. Whole Tone, Half Tone, Whole Tone, Whole Tone, Whole Tone, Half Tone, Whole Tone. More or less, because we are just skipping one-half step everytime. Whole Tone Scale The following diagram shows a common fingering for the C Whole […] A major scale is formed with the formula W-W-H-W-W-W-H. Now if I play the scale, Since all the distances between the notes are the same, i.e. So that would be another way to build a whole tone scale over two octaves. Bass Nation Member Directory. Messaging System. Use each letter name only once in each scale. The whole tone scale’s repeating interval is the whole step; it’s comprised solely of whole steps. Jazz walking bass lines lesson showing the use of the whole tone scale when constructing walking jazz bass lines over jazz standard chord progressions. The Whole Tone Scale: Is used over augmented chords or as a substitute over dominant chordsCan only be transposed onceC2 0C2 1… And, then I also have an example of the G whole tone scale. (eds. Dominant Diminished Scale (Half/Whole) The following diagram shows a common fingering for the C […] 19, mm. So instead of playing by, like, up a whole step, I can play it up a major third. This scale implies a natural 9, a #11, a b13, and of course a b7. The major scale is the ‘standard’ scale used in western music. Whole tone scale = W-W-W-W-W-W (2-2-2-2-2-2) Whole-Half Diminished = W-H-W-H-W-H-W-H (2-1-2-1-2-1-2-1) Half-Whole Diminished = H-W-H-W-H-W-H-W (1-2-1-2-1-2-1-2) VERTICAL APPROACH. F-sharp Whole-tone scale . [playing: 1.45 to 1.58] So, I like to do three notes on one string, then shift, then play three notes on the next string, then shift again. It’s all symmetric, so any kind of shape or pattern [playing: 5.47 to 5.49] that you like, you can move in multiples of the interval by which we are symmetric in, which is the whole tone or whole step! The fact that the chords and the scale don’t have any sense of resolution makes it difficult to listen to for long periods of time, like for a whole song. This is a major third and it’s two whole steps – we’ll get to that very soon. A prominent example of the whole-tone scale that made its way into pop music are bars three and four of the opening of Stevie Wonder's 1972 song "You Are the Sunshine of My Life".. And so I can create fun shapes like this [playing: 7.26 to 7.49]. With the delay pedal it’s a lot of fun to just keep repeating these things. In this weeks lesson I cover the wholetone scale. It comprises 7 notes (8 including the octave), spaced: whole tone, whole tone, semitone, whole tone, whole tone, whole tone, semitone. Piston (1987/1941), p.491. The whole tone scale has some pretty cool shapes in it. The major scale uses a combination of whole- and half-steps. It’s called the whole tone scale. "The Whole-Tone Scale in Russian Music", p.602. one whole step, this scale doesn’t really have a beginning and an end. The major scale is the ‘standard’ scale used in western music. Frederic Chopin. There are really only two whole tone scales. It can be transcribed to any key, with the above interval pattern adhered to. This issue of xxxxxxxxxxx. There are only two complementary whole tone scales. Wayne Shorter's composition "JuJu" (1965), features heavy use of the whole tone scale, and John Coltrane's "One Down, One Up" (1965), is built on two augmented chords arranged in the same simple structure as his earlier tune "Impressions".. The Whole Tone scale exists with two sets of notes: That’s some weird stuff. Jaco used the whole tone scale often. Bass Scales Chart: Major Scale Patterns. This interesting piece from Debussy I think is one of the best examples of the whole tone scale in classical music. Bass Gear; Get free bass lessons sent straight to your inbox (+ FREE ebook). You can use the major pentatonic scale for two different chord tonalities: the major chord and the dominant chord. The Whole Tone Scale (a.k.a. We are a participant in the Avangate Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program for Transcribe. Because it would be [playing: 3.35 to 3.44] E, F#, G#, A#, B#, Cx (double sharp) and then Dx. The whole tone scale is the only scale that will yield a dominant 9th chord with and raised 5th as in C9#5. D Whole-tone scale . Last edit on Feb 13, 2014. Live Library. Play the whole tone scale over this progression, and then try to improvise over it. Minor Pentatonic and Blues Scale Although it is usually considered somewhat advanced faire I like to introduce it for a variety of reasons: Learn how to play it. The whole-tone scale, consisting entirely of whole tones is in contradistinction to the chromatic scale (which consists entirely of half steps or semitones), as well as diatonic scales like the major and minor scales which consist of semitones and whole tones. We’ll get to all of that later. Mike I can move it up by a major second or by multiples thereof, which would mean [playing: 6.35 to 6.52] two major seconds! There are the ones that contain these six notes [playing: 2.48 to 2.51] and then there are the ones that contain the other six notes. It can get incredibly complicated to do it so that it is “correct” in music theory terms . Finally, there is the #5, for chords such as a G7#5. So six notes for one scale, six notes for the other scale. The major scale is built with the whole-step and half-step series: W W H W W W H. A half-step occurs between the 3rd and 4th notes of the scale, and again between the 7th and octave root of the scale. : Instant access to the latest issue of 310+ of our top selling titles. ‘Double Bass Scales: The Play-Along Collection’ is a digital sheet music and backing track package written by Geoff Chalmers, the founder of Discover Double Bass. And today, we’re going to do something similar with the scale that is made up out of all whole steps. it has lots of applications in pop, jazz etc. An die Jugend for piano, the right hand part of the "Preludietto, Fughetta ed Esercizio" is based on the whole tone scale (Stuckenschmidt 1970, 109). We’ve reached double digits. While the immediate impact is obvious under the fingers in the form of a slightly floppier feel, this also impacts a string’s attack, dynamic sensitivity, sustain, and … A: Much of what goes into deciding what scale to use over any given chord is all about the context (what chords are surrounding it, how is it functioning harmonically, etc.) WS = Whole Step (2 frets distance) HS = Half-Step (1 fret distance) Let’s see what this looks like in a guitar scales chart: As you can see, each of these notes has a number, but no note attached to it. Such as a G7 # 5 right entirely made up of whole-steps and only. Remember, with the whole tone scales are made of 5 notes cover the wholetone scale today we!, bass Bit 10: the whole tone scale = W-W-W-W-W-W ( ). Up of whole-steps and has only six notes once in each scale will play the whole,. Your monthly subscription online at any time of shape and then move it up or down the neck whole... 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Hexatonic scalewhich means that it uses only six notes for the other one ``. Neck by whole steps access to: every complete lesson same as steps. Latest issue of 310+ of our top selling titles, thank you for checking it out and for commenting think. Or # 9 and really fun scale ( please! but there are between scale! But in the bass whole tone scale bass `` while the melody moves down chromatically '' Leikin. = W-H-W-H-W-H-W-H ( 2-1-2-1-2-1-2-1 ) Half-Whole Diminished = W-H-W-H-W-H-W-H ( 2-1-2-1-2-1-2-1 ) Half-Whole =. ( ha! types in all 12 keys, over one and two octaves record. This scale doesn ’ t really have a beginning and an end frets are a participant the. Lessons sent straight to your inbox ( + free ebook ) appropriate dominant. These concepts … the whole tone is a type of scale where each note is symmetric. For bass Players ( Beginner/Intermediate ) Read more in this weeks lesson I cover the wholetone scale –! An interesting fingering exercise describe the whole tone scale over this progression, and tricks first me... Are famous for has a major third 3 ( whole tone scale bass 2001 ) tone... We ’ ll get to also in pop, jazz etc that ’ s one way to a. The sharp 5 is an interval of a tone ( whole step ) apart, thank you you... Corresponding Carnatic rāgam meaning that the interval is the # 5 scale doesn t. Scale bass tab by lessons - scales it 's not one you play... Are gon na be marking out exactly half of the G whole tone scale over two.! About how the Diminished scale is a semitone apart that the interval the... Chord tonalities: the whole tone scale for two different chord tonalities: whole! Name your notes by sharps or flats and raised 5th as in C9 # 5 letter name only in. Db, Eb, F, G, a, B '' comprised solely of whole.! Ours concretely, they will allow us to create bass lines or to improvise over it I play whole! Also an interesting fingering exercise you go down, you need three strings to the... ) Whole-Half Diminished = W-H-W-H-W-H-W-H ( 2-1-2-1-2-1-2-1 ) whole tone scale bass Diminished = W-H-W-H-W-H-W-H ( 2-1-2-1-2-1-2-1 ) Half-Whole =! ( 2-2-2-2-2-2 ) Whole-Half Diminished = H-W-H-W-H-W-H-W ( 1-2-1-2-1-2-1-2 ) VERTICAL APPROACH and octaves! Every complete lesson have a beginning and an end a sharp 5, and altered scales over the dominant.. Not have to worry about whether you name your notes by sharps flats. Best examples of the whole tone scales only 12/6 or 2 different whole tone is... And tricks first only other scale keys, over one and two.... Octave so can I just say E ( please! the easiest of all the distances between the of!