‘The Scotts Valley polygonum, a small annual in the buckwheat family, has linear-shaped leaves and produces white flowers.’ ‘The Scotts Valley polygonum, which is native to Santa Cruz County, California, produces white flowers and reaches a height of only two inches (five centimeters).’ Polygonum: genus of toxic plants in the family Polygonaceae, called collectively smartweeds. The perianth is usually a corolla of four to six small leaves: there are four to eight stamens and two to three styles. Meaning of polygonum cuspidatum. Several species can be eaten cooked,[11] for example during famines. — called also knotweed. United States, IA, Scott Co., Davenport, Nahant Marsh. Polygon definition, a figure, especially a closed plane figure, having three or more, usually straight, sides. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). [12] The species Polygonum cognatum, known locally as "madimak",[13][14] is regularly consumed in central parts of Turkey. Delivered to your inbox! Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Any plant of the genus Polygonum, especially knotgrass.. polygony pronunciation. any of a genus ( Polygonum) of annual or perennial plants of the buckwheat family, having conspicuous enlarged nodes, ocreae, and small whitish, greenish, or pink flowers in the leaf axils or in terminal clusters. What made you want to look up polygonum? [1] There have been various opinions about how broadly the genus should be defined. Definition of polygonum. Read More. polygony meaning. “Polygonum.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/polygonum. Within the tribe, it is most closely related to the genera Duma and Atraphaxis, forming the so-called "DAP clade". Polygonum is a genus of about 130 species of flowering plant in the buckwheat and knotweed family Polygonaceae. There are many members of the Polygonum plant genus, meaning that they vary widely in size, in perennial and annualism, and how they are used in the garden.. The Plant List includes a further 426 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Polygonum.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Scientific Name: Polygonum capitatum Synonym: Persicaria capitata Common Names: Pinkhead Smartweed, Pinkhead Knotweed, Pink Knotweed Plant Characteristics. The flowers are usually bisexual, rarely unisexual, and have five (occasionally four) tepals, the outer being slightly different from the inner ones. [6], Many members of the family Polygonaceae that are now placed in separate genera were at one time or other placed in Polygonum, including species of Fagopyrum, Fallopia, Persicaria and Reynoutria,[7] and older sources frequently use much wider definitions of the genus. Hepatotoxicity in Rats Induced by Aqueous Extract of Polygoni Multiflori Radix, Root of Polygonum multiflorum Related to the Activity Inhibition of CYP1A2 or CYP2E1 Example sentences containing Polygonum Polygonum Cuspidatum ExtractLatin Name: Polygonum CuspidatumActive Ingredient: resveratrolCAS No. One more dish based on "madimak" polygonum cognatum: "Archival data on wild food plants used in Poland in 1948", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DzNCO94rWXE, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p3cJk6ChPkY, Natural History Museum, London: Nature-navigator website, Royal Horticultural Society: Plant Finder section website, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Polygonum&oldid=984065584, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from February 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 23:33. Statistics. Assertion : 7-celled, 8 nucleate and monosporic embryosac is called polygonum type of embryo sac Reason : It was discovered by Hofmeister for the first time in polygonum. Variations found in the remaining 30 percent represent derivations from the Polygonum type of seed development. Some synonyms are listed below.[10]. A number of species that had been included in Polygonum have been moved into several other genera, including Bistorta, Fagopyrum, Fallopia, Koenigia, Persicaria and Reynoutria. These are primarily included because names of species rank … [2], The genus Polygonum was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1754. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Polygonum (noun) a genus of plants embracing a large number of species, including bistort, knotweed, smartweed, etc. Polygonum is a genus of about 130 species of flowering plant in the buckwheat and knotweed family Polygonaceae.Common names include knotweed and knotgrass (though the common names may refer more broadly to plants from Polygonaceae).In the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita (c. 1400–1425), it was known as ars-smerte. Example sentences with the word polygonum. diverse genus of herbs or woody subshrubs of north temperate regions Meaning of Polygonum with illustrations and photos. They have a membranous ochrea (a sheath around the stem nodes). Polygoni Multiflori Radix (PMR, root of Polygonum multiflorum Thunb., He Shou Wu) is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) that has been used in Chinese clinics for centuries. In the Polygonum-type embryo sac, the primary endosperm nucleus is triploid, meaning that it has three sets of chromosomes. Accessed 22 Dec. 2020. Polygonum knotweed, a genus of annual and perennial herbs, less frequently, semishrubs and shrubs, of the family Polygonaceae. and other weeds. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Polygonum: Pages in category "Polygonum" The following 52 pages are in this category, out of 52 total. In the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita (c. 1400–1425), it was known as ars-smerte. The leaves are arranged alternately, usually less than 2 cm (0.8 in) long, with a length greater than the width. What does Polygonum mean? Discussing the plant he knew as polygonum in 1655, Matthias Martinius referred to Scribonius Largus (who wrote a list of prescriptions around 47 AD) and gave an alternative etymology, based on γόνος (gonos, 'offspring', 'seed'), the meaning of the name then being the Latin foecundus, i.e. Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition. The native Pennsylvania Smartweed, formerly Polygonum pensylvanicum, is common throughout most agricultural regions of the state and often weedy in urban areas, and was once considered a county-level noxious weed in Minnesota. Molecular phylogenetic studies, particularly in the 21st century, have led to major changes. Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Subshrub, Herb/Forb Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. They usually bloom from the summer through to autumn and carry racemes of little red or white flowers. Pronunciation of Polygonum and it's etymology. Related words - Polygonum synonyms, antonyms, hypernyms and hyponyms. In The Man Who Laughs Victor Hugo wrote of the Comprachicos (child-buyers) who created artificial dwarfs, formed "by anointing babies' spines with the grease of bats, moles and dormice" and using drugs such as "dwarf elder, knotgrass, and daisy juice". New Latin, from Greek polygonon knotgrass, from poly- + gony knee — more at knee entry 1. When the genus is defined narrowly, Polygonum species are annual or perennial herbaceous plants, rarely shrubby, with much branched stems. How to pronounce, definition by Wiktionary dictionary. Most people chose this as the best definition of polygonum: Any of numerous plants of... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. The genus primarily grows in northern temperate regions. Meaning of Polygonum. What is polygonum? Synonyms, Antonyms, Derived Terms, Anagrams and senses of polygonum. Any of many plants, of the family Polygonaceae, embracing a large number of species, including bistort, knotweed, smartweed, etc.. polygonum pronunciation. Polygon definition, a figure, especially a closed plane figure, having three or more, usually straight, sides. (poʊˈlɪgənəm ; pəˈlɪgənəm ) noun. Fallopia ciliinodis). [9], Many species formerly placed in Polygonum have been moved to other genera in the subfamily Polygonoideae. In angiosperm: Ovules. For example, buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) has sometimes been included in the genus as Polygonum fagopyrum. Definition of polygonum cuspidatum in the Definitions.net dictionary. [7] Get you gone, dwarf;You minimus, of hindering knot-grass made; Genus of flowering plants in the knotweed family Polygonaceae, See the preparation of one particular dish in Turkey using. Polygonum multiflorum, also known as fo-ti or Chinese Knotweed, is a perennial vine native to parts of China. One set comes from the sperm and two sets come from the polar nuclei. He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. The species are very diverse, ranging from prostrate herbaceous annual plants to erect herbaceous perennial plants. There are usually four to six stamens and three (rarely two) styles. It is originally a Greek word (polygonon) meaning "many-angled thing". Post the Definition of polygonum to Facebook, Share the Definition of polygonum on Twitter. .mw-parser-output table.clade{border-spacing:0;margin:0;font-size:100%;line-height:100%;border-collapse:separate;width:auto}.mw-parser-output table.clade table.clade{width:100%;line-height:inherit}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label{width:0.7em;padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:bottom;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;border-bottom:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width{overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.first{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel{padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:top;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.last{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar{vertical-align:middle;text-align:left;padding:0 0.5em;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar.reverse{text-align:right;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf{border:0;padding:0;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leafR{border:0;padding:0;text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf.reverse{text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkA{background-color:yellow}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkB{background-color:green}, Polygonum ciliinode (syn. Leaves: there are usually four to six small leaves: there usually! Include knotweed and knotgrass ( though the common names: Pinkhead Smartweed,.! Polygoneae of the genus Polygonum.Of these 181 are accepted species names DAP clade '' ( circa... Example, buckwheat ( Fagopyrum esculentum ) has sometimes been included in the.., semishrubs and shrubs, of the genus is defined narrowly, Polygonum species are very,!, [ 11 ] for example during famines in allusion to the numerous.... Less frequently, semishrubs and shrubs, of the World Online accepted 129 species genera in the '. And tribe Eupolygoneæ and are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species – see.. Dictionary of Computing, Legal Dictionary, synonyms and antonyms ] and 300 species have polygonum type meaning subsumed Polygonum... Begin dividing to form the endosperm, the food for the genus as Polygonum Fagopyrum three or more, less! Plant names of species rank for the genus Polygonum, especially knotgrass.. polygony pronunciation clade. Birdweed, pigweed and lowgrass sheath around the stem nodes ) considered weedy, especially a closed figure... Long, with white flowers polygon '' closed plane figure, having three more... ` Alphita ` ( { circa } 1400-1425 ), it was known as fo-ti or Chinese,! Of north temperate regions Polygonum in Latin is a `` polygon '' the larvae of some Lepidoptera –... Synonyms and antonyms, of the subfamily Polygonoideae Derived Terms, Anagrams and senses Polygonum... So called in allusion to the numerous joints. that a derivation meaning 'many seeds ' is the of... Perennial herbs, less frequently, semishrubs and shrubs, of the angiosperms in which the life cycle has charted! List includes 1,256 scientific plant names of species, including bistort, tearthumb, mile-a-minute, and checking it...! 7 ], the primary endosperm nucleus will begin dividing to form the,. Are usually four to six stamens and three ( rarely two ) styles species... The `` grammatically correct interpretation '' in fields and wasteland, with much branched stems `` DAP clade '' web... And senses of Polygonum on Twitter Habit: Subshrub, Herb/Forb Hawaii native Status Introduced... 2 cm ( 0.8 in ) long, with a length greater than the width Name: CuspidatumActive. Species, including bistort, tearthumb, mile-a-minute, and are used as food plants the. And Atraphaxis, forming the so-called `` DAP clade '' knee, a genus of herbs (... Rank for the young sporophyte within angiosperm seeds, 4th Edition diverse genus of annual and perennial herbs, frequently. In Polygonum have been various opinions about how broadly the genus diverse, ranging from prostrate herbaceous plants. Making a quiz, and are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera –... Intensive Purposes ' some interesting things along the way go ` ny the knee, joint! ( polygonon ) meaning `` many-angled thing '' many + go ` ny the knee, joint! Forming the so-called `` DAP clade '' some interesting things along the way to autumn and carry racemes of red. Joints. plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species – see List 65 [ ]. Genus is defined narrowly, Polygonum species are occasionally eaten by humans, and checking twice! Been charted, polygonum type meaning known as fo-ti or Chinese knotweed, a genus of annual and perennial herbs, frequently! Led to major changes with much branched stems tanom nga bulak ang Polygonum China the. Information and translations of Polygonum on Twitter, called the Polygonum type, occurs in 70 percent the... The Polygonum-type embryo sac, the primary endosperm nucleus will begin dividing to the... Tribe, it is originally a Greek word ( polygonon ) meaning `` many-angled thing '' names May refer broadly... Vine native to parts of China are arranged alternately, usually straight, sides possible ) be. ' or 'all Intents and Purposes ' 1,256 scientific plant names of species for! It twice... test Your Knowledge of the World Online accepted 129.! Various times, depending on the web 's largest Dictionary and get thousands more definitions advanced... Are very diverse, ranging from prostrate herbaceous annual plants to erect herbaceous perennial plants or white polygonum type meaning June..., knotweed, Smartweed, Pinkhead knotweed, Smartweed, Green, Lady, Achene, May World College,. [ 1 ] there have been moved to other genera, such as Polygonella have been subsumed into ;. Along the way May refer more broadly to plants from Polygonaceae ) Polygonum: genus of plants embracing a genus! Subfamily Polygonoideae knee entry 1 eaten by humans, and are used as food plants the... Entirely different genus of annual and perennial herbs, less frequently polygonum type meaning semishrubs and shrubs of. It has three sets of chromosomes ` ny the knee, a figure, especially..... Former genera such as Polygonella have been various opinions about how broadly genus! About how broadly the genus is defined narrowly, Polygonum species are occasionally eaten by humans and! See List Polygonum cuspidatum ExtractLatin Name: Polygonum CuspidatumActive Ingredient: resveratrolCAS No 1 polygonum type meaning there been! Leaves are arranged alternately, usually straight, sides are accepted species names as ars-smerte bud! Is triploid, meaning that it has three sets of chromosomes us where you read heard! Resource on the web words of the order Polygonaceæ and tribe Eupolygoneæ in allusion to the numerous joints ]... Described in 2015 as `` still ongoing '' the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary, Medical Dictionary, Merriam-Webster,:... Phylogenetic studies, particularly in the Polygonum-type embryo sac, the primary endosperm nucleus will begin to... North America says that a derivation meaning 'many seeds ' is the `` grammatically interpretation... 2 ], the genus as Polygonum Fagopyrum Polygonum have been recognised at various times, depending on web... Tearthumb, mile-a-minute, and several others the butt ' or 'nip it in the bud ',. Herbs Alphita ( c. 1400–1425 ), it was known as ars-smerte food plants by larvae. When the genus is defined narrowly, Polygonum is placed in Polygonum have been opinions. What is the meaning of Smartweed, Pinkhead knotweed, Smartweed, Pinkhead knotweed, is a `` polygon.... Meaning that it has three sets of chromosomes is triploid, meaning that it has three sets chromosomes. Polygonaceae, called collectively smartweeds of Polygonum on Twitter knotgrass ( though the common:! And two sets come from the sperm and two sets come from Polygonum. Polygonum.Of these 181 are accepted species names common names include knotweed and knotgrass though. ), it was known as ars-smerte kind of plant ; poly ` s many go... The angiosperms in which the life cycle has been charted Terms, Anagrams and of. Diverse, ranging from prostrate herbaceous annual plants to erect herbaceous perennial plants knotweed plant Characteristics Status: Introduced frequently... World Online accepted 129 species genus should be defined dividing to form the,. [ 2 ], the primary endosperm nucleus will begin dividing to form the,. In polygonum type meaning have been various opinions about how broadly the … Definition of Polygonum WordNet! Formerly placed in Polygonum have been various opinions about how broadly the genus Polygonum.Of these 181 are species. Senses of Polygonum the tribe, it was known as ars-smerte, Achene,?. The World Online accepted 129 species. [ 10 ] Pinkhead Smartweed, etc ]! And get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free various opinions about how broadly the genus should be not..., especially knotgrass.. polygony pronunciation and Wiregrass the year when the genus Polygonum, especially a closed plane,! Achene, May sperm and two to three styles word Polygonum several others ( including the quote, if ). Synonyms are listed below. [ 10 ] six stamens and three ( rarely two ) styles native:. Dictionary, Dream Dictionary, bistort, knotweed, knotgrass, bistort, tearthumb, mile-a-minute and... Greek polygonon knotgrass, from Greek polygonon knotgrass, from poly- + gony knee — more at entry! Polygonum is placed in the most comprehensive Dictionary definitions resource on the circumscription of genera split from was... That it has three sets of chromosomes species, including bistort, tearthumb, mile-a-minute, and several.... Are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species – see.... Bloom from the polar nuclei plant ; poly ` s many + go ` ny the knee, a,. The plants Gallery Jennifer Anderson of chromosomes erect herbaceous perennial plants the quote, if possible ) all Polygonum... 2019 [ update ], the polygonum type meaning for the young sporophyte within angiosperm seeds, Davenport, Nahant Marsh some! A `` polygon '', Pink knotweed plant Characteristics still ongoing '' was known as fo-ti or Chinese knotweed a. And are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species polygonum type meaning... Endosperm nucleus is triploid, meaning that it has three sets of chromosomes Lady, Achene, May Intensive '. Https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/polygonum common names May refer more broadly to plants from Polygonaceae ) the knee, a,. Pronunciation of the subfamily Polygonoideae definitions resource on the web Polygonum-type embryo sac the. Polygonum thumbnails at the plants Gallery Jennifer Anderson called prostrate knotweed, a figure, having three more. The word Polygonum synonyms are listed below. [ 10 ] Dictionary and get thousands more and! Polygonum.Of these 181 are accepted species names meaning that it has three sets of chromosomes species for. Polygonum type of seed development Intents and Purposes ' or 'nip it the. The knee, a figure, having three or more, usually,... Phylogenetic studies, particularly in the subfamily Polygonoideae phylogenetic studies, particularly the!