The pentatonic scale is to the rock guitarist what anesthesia, the printing press, and the cordless screwdriver are to modern civilization — an indispensable entity without which life would be much more difficult. 0000014905 00000 n 0000009759 00000 n 0000002797 00000 n By the end of the 19th Century, composers, in search of new ways to organize the harmonic content of their music, composers stumbled onto an ancient solution; the pentatonic scale. The pentatonic scale was useful to French Impressionist composers like Debussy and Satie, who were inspired by African art and music they had been exposed to. In the interest of brevity, I won’t rattle off all the genres that use pentatonic scales, but I will name a few: An important result of this travel was the use of folk modes, pentatonic scales, and whole tone scales derived from native music in works by composers such as Bartók, Stravinsky, and Debussy. %PDF-1.4 % Debussy built up the piece using the chromatic and the pentatonic scale, and used the minor third/augmented second interval (which is present both in the chromatic and pentatonic sections) to combine them. In this work an octatonic scale (D-F-… Non-traditional scales. The five notes in two groups of tones tends to create soft and gentle harmonies without any harsh (semitone) dissonances. It opens with left hand chords and right hand trills. Audio Gallery 2020 Fall Semester Calendar     2020 Spring Recital About     Contact     Blog, Charlie Pennel     9 Woodman Street No.3, Jamaica Plain, MA 01230     Email:  charlie@charliepennel.com     Phone:  (617) 365-9232. Exotic Eastern scales came into play, such as the whole-tone scale, which Debussy was fascinated by. 0000000936 00000 n 9, No. 32m video. 0000006540 00000 n 0000009058 00000 n 0000003845 00000 n With pitch collections like the pentatonic scale and the whole-tone scale, it is possible to construct melodies that wander without a destination in a manner suggestive of a dream. Lesson 8. He also attended two concerts of Rimsky-Korsakov's music, conducted by the composer. The Balinese Scale (a.k.a. “Hardly anything in Debussy’s work is obviously indebted to a predecessor. est, Les collines alternates between these two systems of organization while preserving its tonal center.5 The standard model for pentatonic music operating within a diatonic framework entails a single anhemitonic pentatonic scale overlaying dia- tonic scale degrees 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6.6 This collection is used as the basis for melody, while the remaining diatonic pitches are supplied by sub- sidiary lines or … 0000007076 00000 n <<4361AE069878EE418A38378815092361>]>> 0000008029 00000 n 0000007230 00000 n The anhemitonic form of a pentatonic scale has no semitones (ex. Example: Camera Obscura, "This Is Love (Feels Alright)," from Desire Lines (2013): The melody uses the pentatonic scale. 0000015045 00000 n Pentatonic scales can be found throughout the music of Impressionist composers such as Maurice Ravel and Claude Debussy as well as in the music of modern jazz giants like John Coltrane, Herbie Hancock, and Chick Corea. Claude Debussy: Estampes – Nos. The pentatonic scale is known to predate Pythagoras, a Greek philosopher and gnomic poet of Miletus who was born around 560 BC. �YDT�l".n�F��R�Sp��e�?��s$�]P��B���I�}���y��yO � �Q �6X�@ z�Jq8݂��]�E� �+���HV\K웱Ҙ&�)���ذ?�L+f?C/&\bGd{ׄ��l�7�-�XИ��̶�ڸ��]蟌��GE�{��ؠ-�����/�ɀ�E���m�Ѭ�\O����'���4�uK���I/:�k-qx�i��g��*���f�H�?L��N7ϙ���޵)�C�mI��BN�1P�bi����qߝ��^Cmk��D� Okay, if you’ve never heard the pentatonic scale in your life, go to a keyboard or piano and play the black keys one after the other. 30m video. It was revitalized by Western composers in the 19th century. The first remarkable change in Debussy's piano literature occurs in Pour le Piano, which was published in 1901. Pentatonic Scale History and Usage. He was also inspired by other aspects of music from the far east, such as the different rhythms and instruments. Voiles is a composition by Claude Debussy for solo piano from 1909. Maurice Ravel used it to write music which sounded Chinese , and in his Mother Goose suite ( Ma Mère l'Oye ) … It closes in a similar fashion to the first arabesque. Earlier studies of Debussy's use of the common alternative scales (whole tone, octatonic, pentatonic), epitomized by Constantin Brailoiu's exhaustive treatment of Debussy's pentatonic music (Brailoiu 1958), Four different pentatonic scales are incorporated within the … Distilling insights and strategies from master improvisers and featuring over 300 original songs, etudes, and exercises. The pentatonic scale is often associated with ‘exotic’ music – Debussy would have been familiar with it through his experience of Gamelan music in the Paris exhibition. 10 from Preludes, Book 1 (1910), mm. Many folk songs are pentatonic, or nearly pentatonic. Using the pentatonic scale is a good way for children to make up their own tunes. 0000011324 00000 n 212 32 �tjB.1�C4������.�w�Fv�7�稫a8;���R�[9��u���Z7đ�h2�J �p�۲ The advent of Stravinsky and Schoenberg’s new s Achille-Claude Debussy (born St Germain-en-Laye, 22 August 1862; died Paris, 25 March, 1918) was a French composer.He was one of the most important composers of the early 20th century.Most of his compositions are for orchestra or for piano.He also wrote some songs, chamber music and one opera.He made his music very different from the Romantic style that other composers were using at the time. Pentatonic scale, musical scale containing five different tones. If you can play a tune using only the black notes, then the tune you are playing is pentatonic. Modes. In their published form, the Préludes … On July 31, shop-keepers Manuel and Victorine Debussy baptized their first child, baby The Pentatonic Scale uses the scale degrees "do, re, mi, sol, la." The following two bars however, expand this, by The gamelan scales, melodies, rhythms, and ensemble textures appealed to him, and echoes of them are heard in "Pagodes" in his piano suite Estampes. The pentatonic scale is a 5-note scale (penta = 5) that originates with folk music from Scotland, to Ireland, to China. 1 In earlier periods, non-diatonic tones were typically understood to derive from diatonic Debussy used many non-traditional scales. 36m video. By the end of the 19th Century, composers, in search of new ways to organize the harmonic content of their music, composers stumbled onto an ancient solution; the pentatonic scale. 0000049430 00000 n Debussy’s style was very ground-breaking for the time (around 1900) and featured innovations such as: Bitonality – using two different chords, or sounds from two different keys, at the same time (like C major and F major chord in unison) Use of the whole tone scale and pentatonic scale (both of which we’ve discussed on this channel) The most widely known form is anhemitonic (without semitones; e.g., 0 Pentatonic scale, musical scale containing five different tones. Acoustic scale Pentatonicism from the Eighteenth Century to Debussy by Jeremy Day-O'Connell (University of Rochester Press 2007) – the first comprehensive account of the increasing use of the pentatonic scale in 19th century Western art music, including a catalogue of over 400 musical examples. The most widely known form is anhemitonic (without semitones; e.g., xڬUkLSg���S,�B�6�Ӌ��Բ��cR-�9��0/[s�e& From the Russian music, Debussy adapted modal scalar constructions, while the music of the Javanese Gamelan influenced his use of the pentatonic scale. 0000038188 00000 n Pianist and writer Marius Nordal describes the effect that hearing the pentatonic for the first time had on the French composers Maurice Ravel and Claude Debussy. In the interest of brevity, I won’t rattle off all the genres that use pentatonic scales, but I will name a few: 5 “ Äußerst langsam ” (1911–1913) – Anton Webern Conclusion Atonality Employs all twelve notes of the chromatic scale with- in the first seven measures of the piece Aggregate—the complete set of notes we use in Western music Except for some mild, localized chromaticism and a short pentatonic passage, the entire piece uses the whole tone scale. 0000000016 00000 n 0000005501 00000 n 0000006148 00000 n Chances are you've already heard about the pentatonic scale and how it morphs regular piano-jamming into a beautiful Asian-sounding bonanza. SCALE NETWORKS AND DEBUSSY Dmitri Tymoczko It is frequently observed that over the course of the nineteenth century the chromatic scale gradually supplanted the diatonic. Paris celebrating the centenary of the pentatonic scale uses the scale degrees `` do, re, mi sol... Half steps, one whole step and two quadra-steps up their own.... 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