Brain atrophy can occur as a long-term consequence of an injury. There is also a list of nervous system structures and procedures. Cerebrovascular accident: Also known as a stoke or apoplexy, is the general term used to indicate that the blood supply to a portion of the brain has been suddenly shut off. brain damage: n. Injury to the brain that is caused by various conditions, such as head trauma, inadequate oxygen supply, infection, or intracranial hemorrhage, and that may be associated with a behavioral or functional abnormality. It’s time to familiarize yourself with medical terminology for the nervous system. There are terms related to nervous system specialties and the definitions. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. There are numerous types of brain surgery. Finally, there is a list of some diseases and conditions related to the nervous system. And like a supercomputer, one small glitch in how the neurons fire or how … Start studying medical term brain. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. If you need a background on how medical terms are formed, read the article on Medical Terminology Basics. This glossary is intended to explain basic neurosurgical terms, with links to more detail wherever possible. It’s hard to believe the brain and spinal cord hold so much responsibility for the way your entire body functions. brain′-dam′aged (-dăm′ĭjd) adj. Find another word for brain. The term “brain surgery” refers to various medical procedures that involve repairing structural problems in the brain. 22 synonyms of brain from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 71 related words, definitions, and antonyms. The vocabulary of brain and spine disorders can be dense and unfamiliar. The fluid flows throughout the brain and around the spinal cord, and functions to cushion for these organs from shock or injury. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymologies.Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary.There are a few general rules about how they combine. Meningitis: A term in modern usage which is used for inflammation of the membranes on the surface of the brain, involving high fever, severe headache, and stiff muscles in the neck or back. Can be caused by bacterial, viral or fungal infections Synonym: brain fever and cerebrospinal fever. Brain: a very smart person. Here are some examples related to the Nervous System. Most medical terms are comprised of a root word plus a suffix (word ending) and/or a prefix (beginning of the word). 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