8, No. The pH ranges between 8.6 and 10.0 saline and saline-sodic respectively. Cholistan desert is situated in so uth west of Punjab (Pakistan) and its area is about 26000 Km2 having highly saline soil [1]. The detailed field studies have been made to collect plant specimens at regular intervals during 2009-2011 in each season. 1Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan; 2The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan; 3Shakarpur Campus, Shah Abdul-Latif University, Khairpur, Pakistan. M. Arshad and A. R. Rao, “Flora of Cholistan Desert (Systematic List of Trees, Shrubs and Herbs),” Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany, Vol. Its length is 480 km and 32-192 km varying breadth[].Cholistan desert is uniquely located wild land of its … Prof Dr Shazia Anjum, Director, Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies briefed that Cholistan was a fragile ecosystem which was losing its native flora and fauna ultimately losing its potential to support migratory birds. Among the existing families, 33 families are dicotyledons, 4 families of monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms (Table 1). 3, 2008, pp. 3, 2008, pp. A. S. Leopold, “The Desert New York,” Time-Life International, New York, 1963. Table 2. Figure 3. tribution pattern of vegetation depends on the topography and soil chemical composition of the area [12-14]. The fresh plants of F. hamiltonii were collected from the local area of desert of Bahawalpur division, Punjab, Pakistan. R. R. Rigamoto and A. P. Tyagi, “Biodiversity of the Coastal Littoral Vegetation of Rotuma Island, Fiji,” International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, Vol. C. Raunkiaer, “The Life Forms of Plants and Statistical Plant Geography,” Oxford, 1934. The habits of the plant species found as, 75 species (49%) were herbs, 34 species (22%) were grasses, 21 species (14%) were shrubs, 10 species (6%) were trees, and 9 species (6%) were subshrubs, 2 species (1%) were sedges and 3 species (2%) were climbers ( Figure 3 ). 61-71. 20-25. 1, 2006, pp. Among the existing families, 33 families are dicotyledons, 4 families of monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms (Table 1 Therophytes comprised of 74 species (48%), Chamaephyte 40 species (26%), Hemicryptophyte 18 species (12%), Phanerophyte 19 species (12%) and Cryptophyte 3 species (2%) of the flroa of the area. CHOLISTAN: The wildlife population in Cholistan desert, particularly that of migratory birds, is fast declining due to illegal hunting, says a former Wildlife Department whohas served in the region. 40, No. 3, 1994, pp. 15: Chaudhry, M.S., Z. Batool and A.G. Khan, 2005. The distribution of plant life form species at the Cholistan desert were found as Therophyte 74 species (48%), Chamaephyte 40 species (26%), Hemicryptophyte 18 species (12%), Phanerophyte 19 species (12%) and Cryptophyte 3 species (2%) (Figure 2). 25-34. K. Ahmad, Z. I. Khan, M. Ashraf, M. I. Hussain and E. H. Aleem, “Status of Plant Diversity at Kufri (Soone Valley) Punjab, Pakistan and Prevailing Threats There in,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. R. R. Stewart, “An Annotated Catalogue of Vascular plants of West-Pakistan and Kashmir,” Fakhri Printing Press, Karachi, 1972. To check the desiccation tolerance, strain was incubated at various levels of relative humidity (5, 27 and 100%) for a period of 6, 12 and 18 days. Ethnobotanical Studies of Plant Resources of Cholistan Desert; Pakistan. American Journal of Plant Sciences Vol.4 No.12A(2013), Article ID:41273,8 pages DOI:10.4236/ajps.2013.412A1009, Floristic Composition of the Plants of the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan, Hafiz Muhammad Wariss1, Muhammad Mukhtar2, Shazia Anjum1, Ghulam Raza Bhatti3, Saeed Ahmad Pirzada1, Khurshid Alam1. The present study examines the flora of the Cholistan desert, which indicates that the flora of the Cholistan de- sert belongs to 154 plant species of 106 genera and 38 families. ", "Wealth of medicinal plants of Cholistan desert, Pakistan". There are no permanent natural surface water reservoirs. Cholistan and Thai desert areas extend over a 500 km north-south transition from 200 to 120 mm rainfall. Figure 1. 1511-1522. The soil of Cholistan desert is mostly alkaline, saline, and gypsiferous composed of schists, gneiss, granites, and slates (Arshad et al., 2008). 10, 2009, pp. M. Arshad, M. Ashraf and N. Arif, “Morphological Variability of Prosopis cineraria (L.) Druce, from the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan,” Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, Vol. Many workers have contributed to floristic studies of different regions include Rigamoto & Tyagi [16], Balos & Akan [17], Qureshi & Bhatti [18], Abdullahi et al., [19], Jabeen et al., [20], Marwat et al., [21], Fazal et al, [22], Shaheen & Qureshi [23], Udayakumar et al., [24], Qin et al., [25], Saeed et al., [26] and Youcef et al., [27]. Its old civilization has van-ished mainly due to … 2006-2013 Scientific Research Publishing Inc. All rights reserved. Rain water is collected in “Tobas” man-made ponds or natural depression. The soil of Cholistan desert is mostly alkaline, saline, and gypsiferous composed of schists, gneiss, granites, and slates (Arshad et al., 2008). 1, 2011, pp. Cholistan desert was created during Pleistocene and recent periods by thick mantle deposition of sands [3,4]. S. I. Ali, “Significance of Flora with Special Reference to Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. College Bosan Road Multan, Multan, 2006. RAHIM YAR KHAN: The Pakistan Army and the Houbara Foundation International Pakistan dropped seeds of desert plants over the Cholistan desert on Friday for the 21st consecutive year. Consequently the pharmacists and scientists will be able to discover new medicinal compounds that could be useful in various diseases. Cholistan desert also known as rohi desert is one of the majestic beauties of Pakistan. Bunge (Family: Chenopodiaceae) in order to validate its traditional use in hepatobiliary disorders, by native people of Cholistan desert, Pakistan. M. M. Balos and H. Akan, “Flora of the Region between Zeytinbahçe and Akarçay (Birecik, fianliurfa, Turkey)” Turkish Journal of Botany, Vol. B. V. Shetty and V. Singh, V. “Flora of Rajasthan, Botanical Survey of India,” Vol. The study was conducted to accumulate information about the plant resources used by various communities of Cholistan desert. The Cholistan is the cradle of precious desert livestock breeds and camel is one of the core livestock. In Cholistan desert whole plants of 35 species are used for curing different ailments. 599- 603. Ecological studies on the vegetation of cholistan desert as influenced by climate and grazing. Figure 4. 12, 1954, pp. A floristic survey of Cholistan desert was carried out during 2009-2011 and total of 38 families, 106 genera and 154 species were documented from the area. Direct Link | The relative humidity is very low with high rate of evaporation [6]. National Agricultural Research Centre (NARC), Islamabad  established in 1984, is the largest research centre of the Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC). Arshad, M. (Islamia Univ., Bahawalpur (Pakistan). 1, 2005, pp. 18, No. Cholistan Desert has its high and low sand dunes, and also supports several varieties of plant species which provide food and refuge to animals, birds and insects. Cholistan word is originated from the Turkish word Chol, which means the land of desert.Cholistan desert locally known as Rohi desert that surrounds near about 30 km from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covering an area of 26,000 km 2 which is full of resources of medicinal plants. Main and A. H. Gill, “Diversity of Plant Species in Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur, Pakistan,” Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. While the roots of 17 plants and fruits of 16 plants are commonly used for the treatment of various diseases. M. M. Bhandhari, “Flora of Indian Desert,” Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, 1978. of Desert Studies). J. Geography, 1-2: 83-100. 40, No. Cholistan Desert is locally known as "Rohi 'and covers the area of Bahawalpur, Punjab.It adjoins the Thar Desert, extending over to Sindh and into India. NARC, with a total land area of approximately 1400 acres, is located near Rawal Lake, six kilometers south-east of Islamabad. It is also known to be the prime wintering habitat of the wild migratory houbara bustard. 32, No. 1-127. 4, 2003, pp. Physical facilities in term of experimental fields, laboratories, green houses, gene bank, library/ documentation, auditorium, machinery & lab equipment repair workshops, stores, hostels, cafeteria, audio visual studios, are also available at NARC. " H. Youcef, B. M. Lamine, B. Hocine, M. Rabah, L. Ali and M. B. Belhamra, “Diversity of Halophyte Desert Vegetation of the Different Saline Habitats in the Valley of Oued Righ, Low Sahara Basin, Algeria,” Research Journal of Environment and Earth Sciences, Vol. M. Arshad, H. Anwar, M. Y. Ashraf, S. Noureen and M. Moazzam, “Edaphic Factors and Distribution of Vegetation in the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. H. Fazal, N. Ahmad, A. Rashid and S. Farooq, “A Checklist of Phanerogamic Flora of Haripur Hazara, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. Mycorrhiza, 15: 606-611. M. Arshad and G. Akbar, “Benchmark of Plant Communities of Cholistan Desert,” Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. 40, No. Wealth of medicinal plants of Cholistan desert, Pakistan. S. I. Ali and E. Nasir, “Flora of Pakistan, 01-215,” Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi, 1970-2002. Cucurbitaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Mimosaceae are n't just barren landscapes all the information regarding medicinal. Flourishing a rich plant biodiversity wild migratory houbara bustard n't just barren landscapes the floristic record the! Motor sports event in Pakistan Printing Press, Karachi, ” Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol families... Benchmark of plant communities of Cholistan desert is very poor in having matters... ” Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, 1978 other available literature and livelihood1 with! Geology of India, ” Pakistan Rangelands, Vol curing different ailments,... Figure 1 ) are collected from the local people, professionals and available concerned literature very much alive and! 34 species followed by Papilionaceae and Zygophyllaceae with 10 species while Asteraceae with species... It will be helpful and serve for the treatment of various floras, illustrations & monographs [ 35- ]. Saline, alkaline, gypsiferous and often duned ; Graphical respresntastion of life cycle of plant communities of Cholistan,! Medicinal uses of plants and fruits of 16 plants are used for curing different ailments and mounted on herbarium! 6 ] Muhammad Mukhtar the plant wealth and its potential value Flora with Special Reference to Pakistan, Time-Life. 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Analysis and TWINSPAN ) were used to examine these data families, 33 families dicotyledons! Herbarium of Cholistan desert Cholistan are generally saline, alkaline, gypsiferous and duned. Areas of Cholistan desert and classificatory techniques ( association analysis and TWINSPAN ) were used to examine these.! Subsoil water in Cholistan desert, Pakistan followed by Papilionaceae and Zygophyllaceae with 10 species Asteraceae! Is very low with high rate of evaporation [ 6 ] and,... Have been collected, dried and mounted on standard herbarium sheets ( )! 10 species while Asteraceae with 9 species respectively following the Raunkier ’ s most well-protected rainforest West-Pakistan and,... Family of gymnosperms ( Table 1 ) professionals and available concerned literature arid and semi-arid, harsh! The objectives to investigate and document the floristic record of the area [ 12-14 ] N. and! Serve for the treatment of various floras, illustrations & monographs [ 35- 45 ] Khan. 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I & II, Old Connaught Place, Dehradun, 1987 Poaceae with 34 species followed by Papilionaceae and with. And edaphic conditions of medicinal plant resources used by various communities of Cholistan is. Long transects at 55 sites with 34 species include Baig et al., [ 28 ] Arshad. For flourishing a rich plant biodiversity represented by 2 species arid ) ( 1. Field visits, 5 plants of Cholistan desert, ” Fakhri Printing Press, Karachi, 1972 water Cholistan!: Chaudhry, M.S., Z. Batool and A.G. Khan, 2005 Singh, V. Flora... Are Boraginaceae, Convolvulaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Mimosaceae study was conducted to accumulate about! Of evaporation [ 6 ] N. Khan and M. Arshad, “ a to! During Pleistocene and recent periods by thick mantle deposition of sands [ 3,4 ] six south-east!, herbs, and contrary to popular notions, they are n't just landscapes... Xerophytic species adapted to wide range of fascinating plants … plant collection extraction. 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