[11], U.S. President Barack Obama declared a major disaster for its dependent territory, American Samoa, allowing federal funds to be used for rescues, life support, and public health and safety measures. In 2009, about 950 people lived on Niuatoputapu. 09/29/2009 Earthquake in Samoa (Samoa Islands) with a magnitude of 8.1. A total of 192 humans died. American Samoa Governor Togiola Tulafono was in Honolulu, Hawaii for an ocean policy conference at the time of the tsunami struck. [51] Air New Zealand arranged for larger Boeing 777 aircraft to carry in relief workers and evacuate tourists to Auckland, and fly the Samoan Prime Minister back to his country. Das Erdbeben bei den Samoainseln war ein schweres Erdbeben am 29. Doordat de aardbeving plaatsvond op 33 km diepte, ontstond er een tsunami. These were distributed within the islands by RNZAF Bell UH-1H helicopters. The government had initially feared a wave of approximately 90 cm (35 in), with the ability to strike all parts of the sprawling territory. He "also witnessed looting in one of the stores".[10]. At least three major waves hit, with the highest 22 meters on the southern coast of Tafahi. De aardbeving bij de Samoa-eilanden op 29 september had een kracht van 8,0 Mw en vond plaats om 06:48:11 lokale tijd (17:48:11 UTC). However, the events of September 29 involved a magnitude 8.1 earthquake on a normal fault within the outer rise; and the other magnitude 8.0 earthquake occurred on the subduction zone as a thrust event. This page was last edited on 23 July 2020, at 20:59. [11] The main electricity generator in Satala had been damaged, which knocked out power from the central village of Faga'alu across Tutuila to the eastern village of Onenoa. El terremoto de Samoa de 2009 fue un sismo de magnitud 8,3 en la escala Richter que afectó el archipiélago de Samoa a las 06:48:11 hora local del 29 de septiembre de 2009 (17:48:11 UTC). [9] The water flowed inland about 100 yd (100 m) before receding, leaving some cars stuck in the mud. [36], The Samoa government and the people of Samoa held a national funeral at Apia Park for tsunami victims on 8 October 2009 (Samoa local time). [34], There were no reports of any damage to Vavaʻu island group or to the main island of Tongatapu, where the capital, Nukuʻalofa, is. Prior to the 2009 tsunami, American Samoa had one community hospital, one pharmacy, few physicians and clinicians, limited commercial air service, and limited support infrastructure; however, the islands The Government of Samoa estimates the damage at US$147.25 million. [72] Officials in the Cook Islands, which hosted the 2009 Pacific Mini Games, noted that the tsunami passed without any damage to the country. The death toll on the island has risen to nine. On an idyllic Monday night in 2009, the palm-lined coasts of the American Samoa, Samoa, and Tonga Islands looked peaceful and serene. [47], French Polynesian President Oscar Temaru wrote to the heads of American Samoa, Samoa and Tonga offering support following the tsunami,[dead link][48] "On behalf of the people and the government of French Polynesia, I would like to convey our most sincere expression of condolence and solidarity in the wake of the Tsunami that just hit your people...We have, within the FRANZ framework decided to send both human and material help. The US Army Corps of Engineers, Army Geospatial Center, prepared an emergency webpage for geological, hydrological and trafficability information for relief engineering and humanitarian aid. For more information on how you can prepare for a tsunami, visit the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program. [72] Most of the warnings were called off once it was clear that the tsunami threat had passed. Reference: Kong, L., P. Dunbar, and N. Arcos (2015). [33] 1 doctor, 2 nurses and one logistics expert, all members of our emergency medical staff will carry a total of 600 kg [sic] of medical material that will be dispatched locally by the FRANZ authorities. Leone a small village on a bay was particularly hard-hit. Power outages were reported, and phone lines were jammed. Prime Minister Malielegaoi lost two relatives in the tsunami, including the daughter of one of his nieces. [9] He told reporters that because of the tight knit communities and strong family bonds, "I don't think anybody is going to be spared this disaster. [41] An adviser to the prime minister, Lopeti Senituli, later said the amount of damage to buildings has been downgraded to 60%. September 29, 2009 Samoa Tsunami, Southwest Pacific Ocean The tsunami that was triggered by a magnitude 8.1 earthquake on September 29, 2009, caused significant damage and loss of life on Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga. [46], The government appealed for clothing and bedding donations for residents in Niuatoputapu. Samoan Prime Minister Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi, and his Deputy Prime Minister Misa Telefoni Retzlaff were in Auckland, New Zealand, at the time of the earthquake. An effective tsunami warning system relies on the free and open exchange and long-term management of global data and science products to mitigate, model, and forecast tsunamis. Since the earthquakes occurred so close in time, scientists have not been able to distinguish which earthquake occurred first, or which caused a bigger tsunami. An RNZAF C-130 Hercules with medical staff and supplies, makeshift morgues, stretchers, tents and food was sent on the 30th. [10], Confirmed death tolls rose to 22 people, with many people still missing in the villages of Leone and Pago Pago. Media in category "2009 Samoan Islands tsunami" The following 34 files are in this category, out of 34 total. [40] A Tongan government spokesman Alfred Soakai said 90% of homes had been destroyed as well as serious damage to the hospital. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami killed … [47] Five small tsunami waves, measuring 25–70 cm (10–28 in) were recorded off the coast of Papeete, Tahiti, between 11:10 am and 12 noon local time on Tuesday. [47], Outside of the Marquesas, the threat of a tsunami largely passed without much incidence. There were no reports of high waves from Vanuatu, Kiribati, New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands. Most large earthquakes occur in subduction zones, where one plate of Earth’s crust dives beneath another plate. [22] [57], Other aid came from concerned individuals and groups throughout the world, namely New Zealand, Australia, the United States and Canada. Since the 2009 tsunami, Samoa has taken many preparedness measures: Established a 24/7 National Earthquake and Tsunami Warning Center and built an Emergency Operations Center to support disasters, Upgraded its warning dissemination systems to include island-wide sirens and SMS to essential village and national representatives, churches, schools, NGOs, and the private sector. The New Zealand helicopter carrying ship HMNZS Canterbury was sent to Samoa (also offloading aid and personnel in Tonga). [32], The Prime Minister made his first address to the nation, after the tsunami, on 1 October. [48], The Guardian reported 189 deaths; 149 in Samoa, 31 American Samoa, 9 Tonga (2 October 2009). [29] The cliffs above Lalomanu were scoured out to a height of 10–15 m (33–49 ft).[30]. References & Resources Foley, M. (2009, September 30). Magnitude 8.0 These include Coconuts Beach Resort[25] and Sinalei Reef Resort and Spa[26] in the village of Siumu. [74], A tsunami advisory was issued for coastal California and the San Francisco Bay Area beginning at 9:00 pm local time as a precaution.[75][76]. [56] [3] Large numbers of American Samoans were said to have been left injured or homeless. Created community-driven evacuation maps and signage. [11], The water system was also damaged in the earthquake, and the supply of fresh water to eastern parts of American Samoa has been disrupted due to broken water lines. Luckily, many of the residents were able to evacuate to higher places during the first and second smaller waves. According to the June 20 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to extreme drought covers 7.0% of the contiguous U.S. The deadly 2009 tsunami was triggered by at least two separate earthquakes occurring within 2–3 minutes of each other near the Tonga Trench, National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program, Historical Tsunami Effects near the Tonga Trench Poster, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for May 5, 2020, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for June 20, 2017, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for October 16, 2018, U.S. Drought Monitor Update for December 26, 2017. [44] 289 families lived in residences which escaped damage in the disaster. Xinhua, [New Zealand to provide 2.9 mln USD extra aid to Samoa New Zealand to provide 2.9 mln USD extra aid to Samoa], The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "tvnz.co.nz-Search continues as death rises", "Samoa tsunami toll may exceed 100, hundreds injured", "Search for bodies continue, death toll rises in South Pacific | NATIONAL News", "Waves hit Tonga, damage but no casualties", "Tsunami toll expected to rise in Samoan islands", "American Samoa governor says tsunami death toll could rise", http://www.talanei.com/2017/04/07/commissioaing-date-for-satala-power-plant-may-25th/, "President Declares Major Disaster For Territory of American Samoa", "Federal Coordinating Officer Lands in American Samoa", "Hawaii Guard, Navy bound for American Samoa", "Ingraham Contributes to Navy's HADR mission", "At least seven dead after quake, tsunami hit Samoa", "Tsunami smashes Pacific islands, over 100 feared dead", "Searching ruins for reason to live after the tsunami", "Two Australians dead, grave fears for others as Samoan tsunami toll rises", "Residents flee tsunami after strong quake in Samoa", "Talofa Lava – Welcome to Sinalei Reef Resort & Spa", "Sa'Moana Resort, South Coast, Upolu Island", Quake triggers deadly tsunamis in Pacific, "Tsunami Sweeps Through Pago Pago;63 Dead", "Samoa's Prime Minister in grief as nation mourns", "Samoa: Samoa/Tonga: Tsunami OCHA Situation Report No. But by early Tuesday morning, residents and tourists were struck a devastating blow when a massive earthquake hit 120 miles off the coast of the islands, triggering a tsunami that killed hundreds. "So much has gone. SYDNEY, Australia — A powerful tsunami generated by an undersea earthquake on Tuesday has killed at least 89 people and wiped out several villages on … On September 29, 2009, at 17:48 UTC (6:48 a.m. local time), a magnitude 8.1 earthquake struck midway between Samoa and American Samoa, a U.S. territory. Het was de grootste en zwaarste aardbeving van 2009. This tsunami was generated by an 8.1 magnitude earthquake near the Samoan Islands on September 29, 2009. But by early Tuesday morning, residents and tourists were struck a devastating blow when a massive earthquake hit 120 miles off the coast of the islands, triggering a tsunami that killed hundreds. [21] The village of Poutasi on the south west coast of Upolu was reported with extensive damage in a TVNZ news item, along with its neighbouring Villages of Satalo and Salani being completely wiped out. [77][78] Shocks with magnitude 6.0 or higher are highlighted in light blue. People took precautions in the low-lying atolls of Tokelau and moved to higher ground. "[18], Twenty villages on Upolu south side were reportedly destroyed, including Lepa, the home of Samoa's Prime Minister[19] Tuilaepa Lupesoliai Sailele Malielegaoi. This is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, where tectonic plates in the Earth's lithosphere meet and earthquakes and volcanic activity are common. The United States said federal aid would be made available to combat the devastation. The cargo and passenger ship Aranui 3, which had been docked in Taiohae Bay on Nuku Hiva in the Marquesas, the area most impacted by a small tsunami wave, immediately evacuated the bay for open water. Abstract—On September 29, 2009, an Mw = 8.1 earthquake at 17:48 UTC in Tonga Trench generated a tsunami that caused heavy damage across Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga islands. [46] Earlier, a government plane sent to the island could not land due to tsunami damage at Niuatoputapu Airport, which had been forced to close. The New Zealand Red Cross appeal raised donations amounting to almost NZ$3.5 million. The tsunami generated by the earthquake of September 29, 2009 was destructive along the coasts of Samoa, American Samoa and Tonga. Le séisme de 2009 aux Samoa est un séisme intra-plaque[1] qui s'est produit le 29 septembre 2009 à 17 h 48 min UTC (6 h 48 min heure locale), à environ 200 km au sud-ouest d'Apia, la capitale de l'archipel des Samoa, avec une magnitude de 8[2], suivi d'un tsunami qui a touché les îles Samoa et Tonga. [35] New Zealand's Minister of Foreign Affairs Murray McCully visited Apia to co-ordinate New Zealand's emergency relief effort. September 2009 um 17:48:10 Uhr UTC (6:48:10 Uhr Ortszeit). In the main villages of Hihifo, Falehau, and Vaipoa, flow heights measured 4 to 7 meters. In this region, the Pacific plate subducts westward beneath the Australia plate at the Tonga Trench. [47], In the Marquesas Islands, some bays were nearly emptied of their water before a wave crashed back in and refilled the area. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone. Widespread damage was reported to the infrastructure at Pago Pago, American Samoa, in many parts of Samoa and on Niuatoputapu, Tonga. A further 7 RNZAF and 2 Royal Australian Air Force Hercules flights were made, and a RAAF C-17 Globemaster also provided airlift support to ferry relief supplies. Accessed September 30, 2009. [9] Damage to the National Park's natural reserves and the destruction of its visitor center and main offices have been reported, while only 20% of the park's 40 to 50 employees and volunteers had been found. [47] The alert for the Marquesas Islands was extended 2:50 pm until the threat had passed. [47] Boats in the region immediately left port once the warning was issued. (2009, September 29). The submarine earthquake occurred in an extensional environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong). At least 77 people were reported dead in … [47], High Commissioner Adolphe Colrat cancelled the tsunami red alert at 12:03 pm on Tuesday for all areas of French Polynesia except the Marquesas. [45] Three people are missing and four sustained serious injuries. This recognition promotes the territory’s ongoing efforts at hardening its warning dissemination (sirens, emergency alert system, social media), conducting regular community and school outreach, and creating evacuation maps and response plans with regular drills. A television sits at the water's edge at the tsunami destroyed village of Saleapaga on Samoa's southern coast October 2, 2009. Die Intensität des Erdbebens erreichte nach den Angaben des United States Geological Survey eine Momenten-Magnitude von 8,0 Mw. There were more than 40 total aftershocks with a magnitude greater than 5.0 in the 48 hours after the mainshock. The Samoa tsunami demonstrates a problem for early warning systems - massive waves crashed ashore before researchers could analyze the earthquake and sound the alarm. Thanks to education and outreach efforts held over the summer and fall of 2009, many organizations and individuals knew the signs of an impending tsunami and had developed tsunami evacuation plans. REUTERS/Tim Wimborne Global historical tsunami data, including more information about the Samoa Islands 2009 earthquake and tsunami, are available via interactive maps and a variety of web services. Residents across French Polynesia were advised to avoid valleys and bays, tie up watercraft and listen to Réseau France Outre-mer (RFO) for further instruction. [21], A Red Cross worker reported to Radio New Zealand that waves 10 feet (3 m) high had flattened beachside resorts on Upolu,[28] and that residents told him the tourist zone of Lalomanu had been crushed by a wall of water about 20–30 ft (6.1–9.1 m) high. [9], A beach village was reported to have been "wiped out", killing at least 14 people after the earthquake had sent residents fleeing for higher ground. A large tsunami was induced due to an M8.3 earthquake generated in a subduction zone off Samoa Islands in the South Pacific Ocean, at 6:48 on 29 September 2009 (local time). United States Geological Survey. Samoa's prime minister, Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi, said damage on the nation's two main islands, which contain almost all the 180,000 population, was extensive. The tsunami also reached American Samoa, Samoa, Wallis and Futuna, , United States. Both resorts published tsunami updates on their websites. [27], The eastern part of the island remains without power or water supplies after the earthquake. [11] The Satala electrical plant may be out of service for a month or more until repairs can be made, with the American Samoa Power Authority (ASPA) stating that power will be out indefinitely. It was possible that a strongly decreased wave could reach Hawaii. 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami Tonga Trench south of the Samoa Islands and north of New Zealand. These included EERI member and dation. Similar to American Samoa, knowledge of the threat and recognition of a tsunami’s natural warning signs saved many lives in Samoa. [9] Other media had earlier reported 10 people killed in Tonga. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center recorded a 3-inch (76 mm) rise in sea levels near the epicenter, and New Zealand scientists determined that the waves measured 14 metres (46 ft) at their highest on the Samoan coast. Large waves with no major damage were reported on the coasts of Fiji, the northern coast of New Zealand[7] and Rarotonga in the Cook Islands. [8], The Los Angeles Times, quoting a source at the National Park of American Samoa, reported that "four tsunami waves, 15 to 20 ft (4.6 to 6 m) high", and "reaching up to a mile (1.6 km) inland" hit American Samoa shortly after the earthquake. Prior to the tsunami in 2009, Samoa also hosted two international meetings that brought attention to the local hazardous conditions that is common to many Southwest Pacific island nations. A mother at the Taufua Beach Fales in Lalomanu watched her three young children swept away by the tsunami. [16][17], Samoa evacuated people from the entire city of Apia, the country's capital city on the island of Upolu and moving thousands of residents to higher ground. "[dead link][12] Tulafono departed Hawaii for American Samoa on a United States Coast Guard supply flight from Honolulu on the evening of 29 September. [42] There are three main villages on Niuatoputapu: Hihifo and Falehau, which were hit by three waves, some 6m high, and the village of Vaipoa, which received less damage. Resonance and impact of the 2009 Samoa tsunami around Tutuila, American Samoa Volker Roeber,1 Yoshiki Yamazaki,1 and Kwok Fai Cheung1 Received 21 June 2010; revised 30 … [15] The USS Ingraham (FFG-61) was en route to American Samoa and was the first U.S. military asset to arrive and assist in the recovery efforts. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone.The submarine earthquake occurred in an extensional environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a … In 2017, UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) recognized Samoa’s first UNESCO IOC Tsunami Ready community, a pilot project that recognizes tsunami mitigation, preparedness, and response activities. 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