One disadvantage of ryegrass is that growth occurs quickly in the spring and it is easy for ryegrass to get over mature. Mineral deficiencies can wreak havoc on caprine health. As they say, there is no free lunch… even for goats! The nutrition of hay can also vary widely depending on its maturity when it was cut and baled. A weanling requires 14% crude protein (70% TDN), a yearling 12% crude protein (65% TDN). Although your goats may not find it as tasty as other grasses. Pellets have about the same protein as hay, but less fiber. Another advantage of orchardgrass is its potential for high yields when well fertilized. Orchardgrass is well adapted to inter-seeding with legumes such as alfalfa, clovers and lespedeza. It is tolerant to shade, fairly drought resistant and has moderate winter hardiness; however will not tolerate wet-natured soils. This same endophyte can create havoc for livestock. Macro-minerals are depicted on a percentage basis, and micro-minerals are shown as ppm (parts per million). For more information, contact your local SWEETLIX dealer or call 1-87-SWEETLIX to speak with a SWEETLIX nutritionist. Alfalfa hay is also popular for feeding goats and has more protein, vitamins, and minerals than grass hays, typically. Unless you live in an area where alfalfa is grown locally, this hay option can be quite expensive. In most cases, a mineral supplement is essential to make sure that proper balance is maintained in order to prevent urinary stones. Producers must know the energy, protein and major mineral levels of these feeds to develop balanced, least-cost diets for livestock. Cargill Right Now Onyx is a popular mineral that can be used for goats, and is more cost effective if you have a bunch of them. Even though it is called annual ryegrass it is not a true annual and may come back for two or more years depending on environmental conditions. Share your story and receive a free gift! There are several management options to minimize the negative effects of the fescue endophyte including use of low-endophyte fescue varieties; establishment of other forages (commonly clover) in pastures and hay fields to dilute the amount of endophyte consumed; adequate parasite control measures and finally nutritional supplementation. An advantage of bermudagrass is that it is relatively easy to establish and maintain. A lack of boron can create arthritis and joint problems. If you purchase hay, it is usually more economical to buy locally grown hay when possible. As browsers (as opposed to grazers), goats eat a wide variety of plants from weeds to woody shrubs. Timothy is common in northern areas, whereas brome, orchardgrass, and Bermuda grass are more common in the south. A critical component of caprine health is minerals. SWEETLIX® For our dairy goats, we prefer to feed second cut hay. The rye is good in the early spring and the late cold season for the goat’s pastures. It is a bit expensive but not too bad with only 2 goaties. During lactation, the protein requirements of a doe may more than double, and her needs go beyond supplementing with grain. Learn More! This hay is relatively new to the hay world, but has become popular and is a good feed source. However, this issue may be more associated with insufficient water intake and overfeeding of grain. Bermudagrass thrives on well-drained, sandy-type soils and temperatures above 70° F. Improved hybrid varieties of bermudagrass are well suited for hay production. Our years of seed experience, combined with recommendations from Florida A&M’s Animal Science specialists, helped us design our seasonal grazing goat forage mix to be exactly what goat enthusiasts have been looking for. Average Coastal Bermudagrass hay tests out at roughly 10-12% crude protein and 55% TDN on a dry matter basis. Repeating the obvious, goats need constant access to fresh (not dirty) water at all times for proper digestion to take place. Due to its high protein and moisture content, it is common for goats to experience loose stools when grazing lush ryegrass. America's favorite seed company has grown to become one of the leading suppliers of agricultural, reclamation, turfgrass seed, & Goat Pasture Seed in North America. If you try to fight Mother Nature in this, you will lose the battle eventually. are cereal grains and highly enriched with carbon, and energy. Perennial rye grass was developed with endophytes to protect the grass from insects. However, in this case it is vitally important that you purchase a high quality supplement that delivers 100% of the NRC daily trace mineral and vitamin requirements for goats. This type of Rye is an annual, meaning it will grow once this year and not come back next year. 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