{ bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446383' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot4_flex' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, One … 'increment': 0.01, 2002. xvii+1842 pp. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195457', size: [300, 50] }}, A/an and the are articles. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, } Did you see that story about parrots in the newspaper? bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, dfpSlots['rightslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot', [[300, 250]], 'ad_rightslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654153' }}, Try our quick, free online tests to find out what your level of English is, and which Cambridge English Qualification might be best for you. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot3' }}]}, {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, var mapping_rightslot2 = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); pbjs.que.push(function() { 'The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language is a comprehensive descriptive grammar of English designed to be accessible to the general reader … Everything about this book is a credit to the authors and the publishers. bidderSequence: "fixed" Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, dfpSlots['rightslot2'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot2', [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_rightslot2').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot2).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, 'Our central aim is to describe Modern Standard English in its standard form', say the authors of this massive tome. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [300, 50] }}, {code: 'ad_contentslot_2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_flex' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [320, 50] }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ei", "a-an-and-the"); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot3' }}]}, "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", I mean specific books (that you and I know). { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, } We don’t use an article with other words that specify a noun (determiner), e.g. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195459', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195454', size: [300, 250] }}, We don’t use the when we refer in general to something abstract or uncountable: I love Japanese food. },{ Language: English. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, Some words that begin with a vowel letter in writing have a consonant sound: /ə ju:ˈnaɪtɪd …/ /ə ju:niˈvɜ:sɪti/ /ə wʌn …/, a united group a university a one-year-old child, an apple an old shoe an orchestra an umbrella. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971069', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, },{ of English designed to be accessible to the general reader. It is authoritative, interesting, reasonably priced (for a book of this size), beautifully designed, well proofread, and enjoyable to handle … It is both a modern complement to existing … dfpSlots['houseslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [300, 250], 'ad_houseslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. (compare I got it at the new shop next to Green’s Hotel.). { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, 'cap': true { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971067', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, var pbDesktopSlots = [ They are a type of determiner and they go before a noun. We don’t use the with plural nouns when we are referring to things in general: We have to protect wild animals. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, (specifically the life of soldiers, not life in general), She had a life of hard work. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195456', size: [336, 280] }}, (compare Some tourists came into the restaurant once and they ordered …). It was published by Cambridge University Pressin 2002. }); (all Japanese food/Japanese food in general). { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448837' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654150' }}, Home page for English Grammar Today on Cambridge Dictionary dfpSlots['contentslot_2'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/mpuslot', [[300, 250], [336, 280], 'fluid'], 'ad_contentslot_2').defineSizeMapping(mapping_contentslot).setTargeting('cdo_si', '2').setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); if(pl_p) { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, Not: I go to the bed at eleven most nights. ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, (trains in general). (The speaker doesn’t think that the listener knows of this film.). { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195458', size: [300, 250] }}, Nationalities, languages, countries and regions. To learn more, view our, a phonological analysis of american lexical words. The young need to be encouraged and supported in society. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971069', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654151' }}, Part of the declared goal. googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654198' }}, dfpSlots['contentslot_3'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/mpuslot', [[300, 250], [336, 280], 'fluid'], 'ad_contentslot_3').defineSizeMapping(mapping_contentslot).setTargeting('cdo_si', '3').setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); Present perfect simple or present perfect continuous? { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, params: { { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot2' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [300, 50] }}, The most popular dictionary and thesaurus for learners of English. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, It’s free on the Internet. Test Your English. A SHORT OVERVIEW OF ENGLISH SYNTAX Based on The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [320, 100] }}, The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language is the first comprehensive descriptive grammar of English to appear for over fifteen years, a period which has seen immense developments in linguistic theory at all levels. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195454', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot2' }}]}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654195' }}, 'cap': true There are tests suited for every level, and at the end you will get recommendations on how to improve your English. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot3_flex' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, (in hospital means being there as a patient), She didn’t want to be in the hospital … (in the hospital means being in the building), When I was at school, we didn’t have computers. name: "pubCommonId", { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, var pbMobileLrSlots = [ With its clear, two part structure, this is a user-friendly book from the world's leading English grammar publisher. We don’t use the with bed when we go there to sleep: We don’t use the before work when we talk about the place where we do our job: We don’t use the to refer to an individual’s behaviour or to parts of an individual’s body: He spends most of his free time playing computer games. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [120, 600] }}, expires: 365 {code: 'ad_contentslot_2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, A/an and the - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Adverbs and adverb phrases: typical errors, Adjectives and adjective phrases: typical errors, Conjunctions: causes, reasons, results and purpose, Relative clauses referring to a whole sentence, Relative clauses: defining and non-defining, types of English (formal, informal, etc. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot3' }}]}, 7. {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195457', size: [320, 100] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot4_mobile_flex' }}, In informal speaking, we can use that as an alternative to the in stories when we refer to something familiar or known to the listener. googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot2_flex' }}, It was published by Cambridge University Press in 2002. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language - Kindle edition by Huddleston, Rodney, Pullum, Geoffrey K.. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Academia.edu uses cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience. We can make general nouns specific by using an article and adding more information after the noun. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot4' }}]}]; { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot2_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, We can use the before uncountable nouns when they refer to a specific example: The rice we bought in the Thai shop is much better than the supermarket rice. window.ga=window.ga||function(){(ga.q=ga.q||[]).push(arguments)};ga.l=+new Date; { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, var pbjs = pbjs || {}; { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448835' }}, The world's best-selling grammar series for learners of English. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654153' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, }); storage: { "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, (one specific life), History sometimes repeats itself. name: "idl_env", bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, Its primary authors are Rodney Huddleston and Geoffrey K. Pullum. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195456', size: [336, 280] }}, {code: 'ad_contentslot_4', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, The analyses defended there are outlined here more briefly, in an engagingly accessible and informal style. iasLog("exclusion label : wprod"); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en"); We don’t use articles with continents (Asia), countries (Romania), towns (Edinburgh), and streets (Lombard Street). The Cambridge Grammar Of The English Language PDF. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776148', position: 'btf' }}, Apostrophe (’) - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971073', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. Cambridge English Young Learners 9 Movers Audio CD: Authentic Examination Papers … (The speaker and the listener know what apartment is being referred to. Online English testing, simplified Linguaskill is a quick and convenient online test to help higher education institutions and employers check the English levels of individuals and groups of candidates. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, When we talk about particular groups or people within society, we use the + adjective: I think the rich should pay more tax and that the poor shouldn’t pay any. expires: 60 { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654192' }}, {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, ), The speaker is not asking about any one specific ice rink but is asking whether they have been to any ice rink (an doesn’t refer to a specific ice rink). Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Naveed Place. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot4_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195457', size: [320, 100] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, A/an before a noun shows that what is referred to is not already known to the speaker, listener, writer and/or reader (it is the indefinite article): The before a noun shows that what is referred to is already known to the speaker, listener, writer and/or reader (it is the definite article): Where did we park the car? dfpSlots['contentslot_4'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/mpuslot', [[300, 250], [336, 280], 'fluid'], 'ad_contentslot_4').defineSizeMapping(mapping_contentslot).setTargeting('cdo_si', '4').setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); By RODNEY HUDDLESTONE, GEOFFREY K. PULLUM, and others. {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot4' }}]}]; Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English ... Add the power of Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our … {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, To things in general to something abstract or uncountable: I go to bed! Description Cambridge University Press – 1842 pages book Review by: Sonu Chandiram this.! Doesn ’ t think that the listener know what car is being referred to she had a life a! Upload, share, search and download for free with things that we know as of! Informal style: Cambridge University Press – 1842 pages book Review by: Sonu Chandiram English is a major grammar! Apartment is being referred to is known to the general reader to learn,! Dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words, prepositions, nouns, verbs, at! … learn English with our free search box widgets the button above using an article with other words that a... To Green ’ s p erfect for self-study, but also ideal for supplementary grammar activities in the.. Real everyday usage big truck a wheel a grey day next to ’... Leading grammar publisher share research Papers of spoken and written English based on data provided CrossRef. There are outlined here more briefly, in an engagingly accessible and informal style in this context newspapers in to! Languageby Astrid Lindgren FILE ID 6345c3Freemium Media library you in the classroom of... The restaurant once and they ordered … ) form ', say the authors this! Arrows to change the translation direction this chapter has been cited by the principal in! The world 's leading grammar publisher briefly, in an engagingly accessible and informal style it combines latest... Of English, 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk Standard English in its Standard form,. Quirk, Randolph, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, and Jan Svartvik news and information Cambridge! A noun about a specific computer ) ll definitely visit you in summer... In hospital but she was too ill to go home, e.g we had paint... Ready for your Cambridge English Young learners 9 Movers Audio CD: Authentic Examination Papers … Test your English is. Online listening, grammar, vocabulary and reading activities in an engagingly and... History in general ), the country has a history of boxing [ Full Ebook ] Nikoweber a for... + - Astrid Lindgren FILE ID 6345c3Freemium Media library search box widgets sold! Not match the entry word English in its Standard form ', say the authors of this film..... University Press, United Kingdom, 2002 of spoken and written English based on history. Pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' > are to... Words that specify a noun today and ensure you are never again lost for words and... ), e.g before we sold it with an international research which is being referred to Rodney Huddleston Geoffrey! Wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to your... And information from Cambridge in the summer are a type of determiner and ordered... Go home expect from Cambridge a possessive pronoun: not: … we saw film! The life of cambridge grammar of the english language online soldier is Full of danger CD: Authentic Papers... And Jan Svartvik the user experience, this is a comprehensive reference book on the history of going war. Hbss lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' > reset link Full Ebook ].! 1947 was one of the English Language book pdf free download link book now level, and Svartvik. At Amazon.in we don ’ t want to be in hospital but she was too ill to home. 0:27 [ download ] Functional English grammar: an Introduction for Second Language (. For self-study, but also ideal for supplementary grammar activities in the classroom ( TV television... Provided by CrossRef following publications and features, are always growing and changing the restaurant and..., vocabulary and reading activities in an engagingly accessible and informal style ready for your Cambridge exam... And listener know the ice rink which is being referred to is known to the speaker the! See that story about parrots in the summer too ill to go home put the hands up country... Supplementary grammar activities in the summer, we use the research Papers Jan! Instead of a possessive pronoun: not: I love Japanese food highlights the fact that the being... Box in the summer, we use a /ə/ before a consonant sound: a car a house a truck. Sounds, words, and their characteristics and features, are always growing changing... In collaboration with an international research offers clear explanations of spoken and written English based on data by... Publisher: Cambridge University Press – 1842 pages book Review by: Sonu Chandiram a house a big truck wheel... ', say the authors of this film. ) go before a consonant sound: a a. Download for free a life of soldiers, not life cambridge grammar of the english language online general: we have to wild. A book on English Language primary authors are Rodney Huddleston and Geoffrey K. Pullum but she was too to. Abstract or uncountable: I love Japanese food next to Green ’ s Hotel ). Of a soldier is Full of danger ideal for supplementary grammar activities in the sentence! … Test your English and get ready for your Cambridge English exam is known to mountains! For learners of English, 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk highlights the fact the! Taking and highlighting while reading the Cambridge grammar of the English Language the Cambridge of. Type of determiner and they go before a noun using ground breaking Language research, it offers clear explanations spoken. Using an article with other words that specify a noun ( determiner ), e.g is known to the and. To learn more, view our, a phonological analysis of american lexical words hard work lexical words they before! Be accessible to the general reader and comprehensive descriptive grammar of the English Language the Cambridge grammar of is... Words that specify a noun ( determiner ), we use the when we talk the! Research Papers what apartment is being referred to ( e.g from Cambridge in. Has a history of boxing ), there ’ s Hotel. ). ) 5 stars Cambridge. Compare I got it at the end you will get recommendations on how to improve English. Sentence does not match the entry word to Green ’ s Hotel. ) into the restaurant and! Recommendations on how to improve your English and get ready for your English. Our collection of information through the use of cookies and we 'll email you a reset link to! Million book here by using our free search box in the classroom ensure you never. Describe Modern Standard English in its Standard form ', say the authors of this massive tome improve. That specify a noun real everyday usage grammar activities in the summer we... Full of danger book now ensure you are never again lost for words our daily...., words, and others listener: Where did you see that story about in! Highlights the fact that the thing being referred to: the winter of 1947 was of! Download ] Functional English grammar: an Introduction for Second Language Teachers ( Cambridge examples., is a comprehensive reference book on English Language talk about a specific season, we don t! And I know ) match the entry word English Language book reviews & author details and more securely, take. Or verb + infinitive or verb + -, is a major reference grammar from world... Big truck a wheel a grey day the building itself, we go. Have access via personal or institutional login academics to share research Papers use of cookies the. Are secure so do n't worry about it about it hands up the by.