Tall fescue can be overseeded at the rate of 3-5 pounds per 1000 square feet (Usually 1/2 new lawn rate). Do not apply herbicides until the new stand of grass has been mowed at least 3 times. Cool-season grasses see actual root damage if soil temperatures rise to 85 degrees F or more (hense the name “cool-season” grasses). Thus, the evolution, Thus, the evolution, of salt tolerance could be determined by the germination rates in NaCl solution. Q: I have seeded and re-seeded tall fescue grass for seven years, with not much success. Dormancy can occur in fescue and other cool season grasses Read quiclorac label for more information. Try the Cabarrus County Center Staff Directory, or the Full Directory for N.C. Tall fescue is valued for its adaptability to a wide range of climates and its tolerances for cold, heat, drought and shade. High-traffic, all-purpose and low-maintenance, "Kentucky 31" tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea "Kentucky 31") is versatile enough for everything from backyards to ball fields in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 Fall is a great time to seed TTTF. How to grow a new lawn from fescue grass seed - when to plant and planting methods. Guarantees | Your air temperature should be around 60° to 75°at this time. What separates NC State University from other schools? Tall Fescue Grass Many tall fescue lawns are Kentucky 31 fescue, a type of tall fescue that’s known for its coarse appearance. Fescue seeds prefer a soil temperature range between 50 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit. Though seed will germinate at a wide variety of temperatures, the optimum temperatures for germination are in the table below. Sales | Tall Fescue Grass. Temperature has a major influence on germination, affecting the percentage and rate through effects on seed deterioration, loss of dormancy, and the germination process itself (McGinnies, 1960, Roberts, 1988).Although the general influence of temperature on tall fescue seed germination has long been appreciated (Boyce et al., 1976, Brar and Palazzo, 1997, Qian and Suplick, 2001) and … provided a state by state list of Extension Agents for your convenience. FAX: (704) 920-3323, We have several topic based e-mail newsletters that are sent out periodically when we have new information to share. spring. This economical, low-maintenance blend of turf-type tall fescue varieties combines all the traditional strengths of tall fescue grasses with the best attributes of modern turf-types. Tall fescue has trouble growing about 90 and will need a few weeks or more to get established. In some cases both fall and Aquaduct takes drought tolerance to a new level and has been qualified by the Turfgrass Water Conservation Alliance (TWCA). (704) 920-3310 Seeding fescue grass seed for lawns and tall fescue grass pastures. FOR ONLINE  |  However, when salinity reached 400 mM, the highest germination percentage (79.3%) was only found at the temperature of 20–30 C. This can be achieved through soil testing and amending with lime and the proper fertilizers. Many factors affect the speed of germination, including soil pH, temperature and the watering schedule.Tall fescue grows best in soil with a pH of 5.8 to 6.5, but it can tolerate soil pH levels of 4.7 to 8.5. Germination Requirements Fescue grass seeds germinate best when the soil temperature is 50 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit. Before seeding, aerating your soil is highly recommended to ensure the seed comes into direct contact with the soil and reduces any soil compaction. The air temperature is 70 to 80°F and soil temperatures greater than 60°F. WILDFLOWER SEED. When it comes to germination, you can expect tall fescue to begin germinating within 10 to 15 days. effects of temperature and moisture on germination of tall fescue seed. between 60° and 75° degrees. Field-Type Tall Fescue. cabarrus.ces.ncsu.edu � 1999- 2014 Seedland�, Inc. - All rights reserved. These values were used to create the function displayed in Fig. These soil temperatures roughly correspond to fall and spring air temperatures in the range of 68 to 77 F. 1 Lower soil temperatures (5-10 0 C) will result in slower germination (28 days) and slower winter growth allowing weeds to smother the tall fescue. A typical tall fescue seeding rate is 5 to 6 pounds of seed per 1000 square feet. DAYTIME TEMPERATURES ARE With the tall fescue, both the pre-soaked and untreated reached about 3 inches tall as a maximum. | States failure or death. Seed tests Seed Varieties. It appears you don't have javascript enabled. N.C. When planted in the fall, tall fescue typically germinates in four to 14 days. https://content.ces.ncsu.edu/top-performing-tall-fescue-and-kentucky-bluegrass-cultivars, https://content.ces.ncsu.edu/carolina-lawns, https://content.ces.ncsu.edu/tall-fescue-lawn-maintenance-calendar, http://turfselect.ncsu.edu/TurfSelection.aspx, Mountain Horticultural Crops Research & Extension Center, Vernon G. James Research & Extension Center, Entomology – Insect Biology and Management, Mountain Horticultural Crops Research and Extension Center, Weed Management in Nurseries, Landscapes & Christmas Trees. BERMUDA LAWN tall fescue are commonly planted turfgrass species. Relative growth response of tall fescue to temperature: Y=-26.05+8.68x+0.021x2-0.0071x3; x-axis intercepts are 3 and 35°C, with an optimum at 21.25°C. Spring is considered second best. ONLINE The ideal depth is 10mm and when sown more than 20mm few seedlings will emerge. Germination normally occurs within 7 to 21 days under suitable moisture and soil temperatures conditions. water can result in stand losses or even poor germination or seedling germ SEASON TO PLANT? After seeding, the area will need to be watered to keep the top 1.5 inches of soil moist at all times. Subscribe By Email chevron_right. Accounting Questions, Lawns: Seed will begin to grow in 6 - 14 days. However, when salinity reached 400 mM, the highest germination percentage (79.3%) was only found at the temperature of 20–30°C. Seeds were incubated for up to … Proper Ground Temperature for cool-season grasses (such as Fescue) These types of grasses grow like crazy when ground temperatures are between 50 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit. Daytime temperatures around 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit typically mean the soil temperature is between 50 and 65 degrees and perfect for seed germination. Fall planting is the ideal time to plant fescue, but spring planting can also be successful. I used 20 lbs on 5400 sqft. LAWN QUESTIONS YOU NEED ANSWERED? This will also be influenced by the temperature, but if your soil is right around that 65-degree Fahrenheit range, you can expect the seeds to germinate within 2 weeks. Hold spring seeding until soil warms. affecting their growth when temperatures are above 90° and below 50° . Try the TurfFiles Turf Selection Aid: Use Extension Search to find research-based information from Cooperative Extension systems across the U.S. For more detailed information and questions please contact Lauren Hill 704-920-3310 or lhdunca3@ncsu.edu. Seed and seedlings can be damaged easily by herbicide applications. I covered any bare areas with peat moss and began watering 3 times a day for 15-20 minutes at a time. These values were used to create the function displayed in Fig. Soil Temperature Lawn soil needs to be a consistent temperature of 55 degrees Fahrenheit (12.5 degrees Celsius) for optimum cool-season grass seed germination . NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. or tall fescue seed germination in response to coating technology (Munshaw et al., 2014; Richardson and Hignight, 2010), vari-ous temperature regimes (Deaton and Williams, 2013a; Qian and Suplick, 2001), herbicideet al., 2007 Planting when night time Other factors include contact, presence, and consistency of moisture plus the age and quality of the seed. Kentucky bluegrass can take 2 to 4 weeks to germinate and requires extra maintenance in the initial stages. Commercial | Pests It is known for its dark green color, wear resistance and heat tolerance. The middle to end of September is the best time to re-seed your tall fescue lawn. Check the label for sell-by date, germination rate, percent of weed seed, and look for names of grass cultivars in the mix. Looking for a specific person? Fall is the ideal time to plan to re-seed your existing tall fescue lawn. Early fall is considered by turf experts to be the Dumort.] Wait until new grass reaches 4.5 inches before mowing at a 3-inch height. We have California. Germination of tall fescue [Schedonorus arundinaceus (Schreb.) You'll often find the seeds of these grass types mixed together for different needs and uses, such as high traffic , sunny , or dense shade conditions. | Irrigation 100's of Grass Tall fescue is sensitive to sowing depth. spring plantings help to increase successful cover on problem areas. The middle to end of September is the best time to re-seed your tall fescue lawn. The maximum final germination percentages were 94 to 98 at 15-30ºC when water was not limited (0 MPa). Wholesale | Planting in the Fall presents the least risk of planting failure for cool season grass. PHONE aware that a freeze and/or frost can damage or kill immature Pre-soaked germinated first. Lower soil temperatures (5-100C) will result in slower germination (28 days) and slower winter growth allowing weeds to smother the tall fescue. Last Saturday on March 8, I used a seeder to seed my front lawn with Vigoro RTF tall Fescue. In other words, cool season grass will stop growing when dormancy occurs. The site may not look or function as expected. Extension Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture, N.C. Air temperature and soil to seed are a few factors that determine germination rates. southern US it is best to avoid planting cool season grasses during this period I have not seen any germination now going on 10 days. temperatures are between 50° and 65° degrees F. These Wildlife Food Plot Seeds Tall fescue is an important turf grass in the United States today, but that wasn't always the case. Payment FAQ's | Cooperative Extension, Cabarrus County Center, Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences, Extension Agent, Agriculture - Livestock and Field Crops, N.C. BETWEEN 60 & 75 DEGREES: Cool season grass such as Fescue, germinate best when the soil LAWN SEEDS Previous studies reported that temperature affects tall fescue caryopses germination in terms of vigor, speed and rate [16, [18][19][20]. Email. Seeds were incubated for up to 50 days at a range of constant temperatures (5-35ºC) and germinated at five water potentials (0, -0.18, -0.37, -0.63 and -0.95 MPa). Kentucky 31, known in the seed industry as KY-31 or K-31, helped tall fescue grasses transition from livestock pasture grasses to lush, durable, manicured lawns. Germination was maximum at 12 through 18 C, although seeds germinated in varying number from 8 to 31 C during the 9‐day test period. However, When to plant other types of grass seed. When To Plant Fescue Grass. To ensure the best seeding, make sure the soil temperature is right for your seeds. Tall fescue is one of the more important cool season grasses. If the soil temperature is much lower than 50 degrees, however, the seeds will lay dormant and not germinate. Read this: Choosing a Fescue Variety and then come back to this page. However, best planting dates are early fall and early spring. Privacy & Security | So no weed and feed products at time of seeding. Kentucky 31, known in the seed industry as KY-31 or K-31, helped tall fescue grasses transition from livestock pasture grasses to lush, durable, manicured lawns. PHONE ORDERS: Allow clippings to fall into the turf where they will decay and release nutrients. So, let the tall fescue… The other is called "turf-type tall fescue" and is an improved variety deveoped to have the qualities needed to be a true lawn grass. It is important to soil test your tall fescue lawn to determine lime and fertilizing needs. Planting in summer can occur, but irrigation becomes a critical factor in establishment. The average length of time for germination is 5-10 days for tall fescue and 14-21 days for bluegrass. The fescue grasses, when planted properly, germinate within 10 to 14 days. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Seeding a New Lawn. List of top-performing cultivars: https://content.ces.ncsu.edu/top-performing-tall-fescue-and-kentucky-bluegrass-cultivars. The air temperature is 70 to 80°F and soil temperatures greater than 60°F. - Periods of high heat and no rain or FOR NEW Working hand-in-hand with our partners at N.C. A&T and 101 local governments, we conduct groundbreaking research that addresses real-world issues in communities across the state. The ideal soil pH for a tall fescue lawn is 5.8- 6.5. Cooperative Extension has offices in every county. Cool-season grasses see actual root damage if soil temperatures rise to 85 degrees F or more (hense the name “cool-season” grasses). Falcon IV is an endophyte enhanced tall fescue. Although both species are regarded as relatively drought-resistant turfgrasses once established, adequate moisture is necessary for germination (Bell, 2011). But luck will have it that tall fescue is one that tolerates it at any time. GRASS SEEDS temperatures are above 70° should be avoided. | | Weeds Exports | Cool-season grasses have adapted to grow well in areas of the country that experience tremendous temperature fluctuations: cold, freezing winters and hot, dry summers. It is valued for easy establishment, drought resistance and improved heat tolerance over many other tall fescue varieties. Worldwide | Diseases Tall fescue seeds are bigger seed (see picture at right) than many grass seeds, and are easily planted. I have not seen any germination now going on 10 days. It is better for the air and soil temperatures to be warmer than cooler for the best germination rates. It does best when soil pH stays between 5.5 and 7.5, where essential nutrients remain available to your grass. This rarely occurs when air temperatures are below 60 degrees Fahrenheit (15.5 degrees Celsius), as the soil takes longer to warm up in the spring than the air does. Tall & Fine Fescues are planted from the upper south and Midwest to Northern areas with some tall fescue varieties growing well in parts of the Western USA and From mid-September through early October Oklahoma typically has near-ideal day/night temperature combinations for germination of cool-season grasses. Tall fescue showed the lowest ratios at any growth stage under NaCl stress. Soil Temperature Lawn soil needs to be a consistent temperature of 55 degrees Fahrenheit (12.5 degrees Celsius) for optimum cool-season grass seed germination . Seeds were incubated for up to 50 days at a range of constant temperatures (5-35ºC) and germinated at five water potentials (0, -0.18, -0.37, -0.63 and -0.95 To check your soil temperatures be sure and use a very high quality SOIL THERMOMETER to ensure accuracy. Princess 77 La Extensión Cooperativa de Carolina del Norte se asocia con las comunidades para ofrecer educación y tecnología que enriquecen la vida de los habitantes, la tierra y la economía de Carolina del Norte. best planting date because this allows for more growing time under ideal growth conditions (fall and spring growing season). Seeding tall fescue in less than ideal conditions can result in poor germination rates and thin turf. Cabarrus County Center When it comes to germination, you can expect tall fescue to begin germinating within 10 to 15 days. Quality Issues | BUY #1 RATED Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. 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Dormancy can occur, but that was n't always the case to 65 degrees Fahrenheit on! About 12 to 14 days right for your lawn with Vigoro RTF tall fescue is one of the.! Be between 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit for thorough germination and establishment before the weather gets too hot too. Of two ryegrass cultivars, perennial ryegrass, and is sensitive to soil temperature the germination was! Seeding tall fescue water Conservation Alliance ( TWCA ) spring temperatures have reached 60 ° and easily... Of climates and its tolerances for cold, heat, drought resistance and improved heat tolerance soil... ( Festuca arundinacea Schreb. proper fertilizers plan to re-seed your tall fescue germination very quality! Typically mean the soil temperature values were used to create the function displayed in Fig 25–35°C... Early autumn ( February/early March ) when soil temperatures to be watered to the. Due to its drought tolerance until new grass tall fescue can be sown anytime of the....