[1][5], Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial herbaceous flowering plant that grows to a height of 40 to 150 cm (16 to 59 in). [1][3][4] It is a highly invasive species in some zones, resulting from its abundant seed dispersal, adaptability to reproduce, aggressive roots, ability to tolerate extreme climates, and hardiness. Rumex obtusifolius on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants [10], Rumex obtusifolius is a major host plant for many different insects as well, including the Acronicta rumicis moth. Bitter dock (Rumex obtusifolius) Curly dock has wings of the fruit which are smooth-edged — in contrast to its curly-edged leaves. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Rumex obtusifolius on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site. The stem leaves are alternate and are narrowly ovate–lanceolate. Rumex obtusifolius. [1] The taproot is large, with numerous branches extending to a depth of 150 centimetres (59 in), with tough stems, often reddish, and unbranched until just below the inflorescence. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. [11], Rumex obtusifolius is an aggressive invasive species on all temperate continents. The Rumex genus includes a number of species including R. acetosa (garden sorrel), R. scutatus (French sorrel), R. crispus (yellow or curly dock), R. obtusifolius (broadleaf dock), R. sanguineus (bloody dock), and more. Look for the tall, dark brown, branched flower stalks that produced the prior year's seed crop. RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected Wildlife Gardens Wildflower meadow, Pruning Cut back prior to seed setting to avoid self-seeding, Diseases RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team. Rumex britannica: The foliage of mature dock plants may be from one to three feet tall, depending on growing conditions, but in early spring, when it's at its most delicious, the smaller plants may be hard to spot. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. I’ll focus on these, with which I have lived in a number of gardens. Weed of the Week: Broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius) By Laurence Gale MSc What is a weed? [12], Various parasites and predators of R. obtusifolius include 32 insect species and 12 fungi species. Description: Broad-leaved Dock is a perennial, aromatic weed. NATURALIZED. Upright sprays of small, green and red flowers are followed by similar-coloured fruit which then turn russet-brown, together with the stems which may persist into winter, Plant range They are: This plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the many other types of pollinating insects. Habit: Perennial herb, glabrous, papillate or not; taproot vertical. 1-1.5 metres, Ultimate spread Habit. Generally problem free. & Nam, S.-H., 2006. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. The edges of the leaves are slightly "crisped" or wavy, the upper surface is hairless and the under surface may be papillose. A tea prepared from the root was thought to cure boils. suppliers. Spreads readily by seed; root sections also regrow, Suggested planting locations and garden types Rumex obtusifolius, commonly known as bitter dock,[1][2] broad-leaved dock, bluntleaf dock, dock leaf or butter dock, is a perennial plant in the family Polygonaceae. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. It is native to Europe, but is found on all temperate continents. If you select any attributes with or without a plant name, you will see a much narrower selection of results taken only from the old RHS Plant Selector database. Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service … Flowers occur in clusters on the upper portions of elongated stems. [6], Rumex crispus - curly dock - is similar in appearance, but with thinner and wave-like leaves. Flower: Branching clusters at the top of the plant, each branch with numerous whorls of 10 to 25 slender-stalked flowers, the whorls not usually crowded on a branch. BROAD-LEAVED DOCK Rumex obtusifolius. Gledhill, David (2008). Field buttercups (Ranunculus acris) and broad docks (Rumex obtusifolius) among grass in pasture meadow, Berkshire, May. Our Botanical team are working hard to increase the number of plants with detailed information. Join NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. Seeds and vegetation of docks can be toxic to animals (Royer and Dickinson 1999). Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial herbaceous flowering plant that grows to a height of 40 to 150 cm (16 to 59 in). Rumex obtusifolius on Wikipedia. Rumex obtusifolius: larger, veiny-patterned parts of the flower with marginal teeth, only 1 of which with a tubercle near the center (vs. R. crispus, with larger, veiny-patterned parts of the flower without teeth along the margin, usually all 3 of them with a distinct tubercle near the center). Curly dock (Rumex crispus) Curly dock (Rumex crispus) Since the seeds and seed stalks persist through the winter season, you can identify this plant by the fruit’s wings even in the winter. Great Lakes Impacts: Current research on the environmental impact of Rumex obtusifolius in the Great Lakes is inadequate to support proper assessment. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. The docks and sorrels, genus Rumex, are a genus of about 200 species of annual, biennial, and perennial herbs in the buckwheat family, Polygonaceae. The grassland does flood to form pools. [1] It is a plant growing readily on arable land, meadows, waste ground, roadsides, ditches, shorelines and riverbanks, woodland margins, forest clearings, and orchards. Weeds take valuable space, water, sunlight and nutrients that may otherwise be accessible … [1] In the UK, the invertebrate herbivore species is a leaf beetle, Gastrophysa viridula. Both are delicious wild edible plants, and each group deserves its own article. the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9, Other common names Flower clusters of broadleaf dock are not as dense and closely spaced as those of curly dock. The inflorescence consists of large clusters of racemes which contain small greenish flowers that change to red as they mature. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. "Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). [1], The junctions of the petioles with the stems are covered by a sheath formed by two fused stipules known as an ocrea, a thin, paper-like membrane - a characteristic of the family Polygonaceae. broad-leaved dock synonym: Rumex sylvestris. For A. rumicis research, this host plant is generally targeted because it is found highly within the moth's range. Basal leaves with petiole usually longer than lamina, stem leaves with shorter petiole; lamina oblong-ovate, to 23 cm long, to 10 cm wide, flat, … Patience Dock (Rumex patientia) has larger, round to kidney-shaped tepals typically with a single grain per flower, about ¼ the length of the tepal. Cambridge University Press. A nuisance weed too. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets, Aspect North-facing or South-facing or West-facing or East-facing, MoistureMoist but well-drained, Poorly-drained, Well-drained, Ultimate height Try an advanced search, RHS Registered Charity no. Rumex obtusifolius will likely push out native species once it is established. Range: Curly dock is found throughout the U.S., including every western state. The leaves of this plant can grow to about 30 cm (12 in) in length and 15 centimetres (5.9 in) wide. Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius subsp. Today we’re going to talk about docks, primarily Rumex crispus (curly dock) and R. obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock). It is in flower from Jun to October, and the seeds ripen from Jul to October. Rumex can be annuals, biennials or perennials with mostly basal, simple leaves and erect panicles or racemes of small greenish or reddish flowers followed by reddish-brown, triangular fruits, Details Rumex obtusifolius L. APNI* . It prefers soils with high nitrogen content. Rumex crispus: larger, veiny-patterned parts of the flower without teeth along the margin, usually all 3 of them with a distinct tubercle near the center (vs. R. obtusifolius, with larger, veiny-patterned parts of the flower with marginal teeth, only 1 of which with a tubercle near the center). Ecological and morphological characteristics of the endoparasitoids of larval, "Home remedies: dock leaves for nettle stings", "List of Invasive species in the Great Lakes Great Lakes United / Union Saint-Laurent Grands Lacs", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rumex_obtusifolius&oldid=988538738, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 20:03. Family: Polygonaceae . Grows naturally in waste and cultivated land, grassland and marshy places and can become a persistent garden weed, Propagation "The Names of Plants". Leaves are hairless, often with short stalks and may … Related keywords. Rumex vesicarius is a ANNUAL. It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts. 020 3176 5800 : Status: Mix of Australian natives and exotics. Flower Seed Head. d. By dadalia. 2-5 years, Cultivation It is easily recognizable by its very large oval leaves with cordate bases and rounded tips, some of the lower leaves having red stems. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Leaf: blade 20--40 cm, 10--15 cm wide, widely ovate to oblong, base generally cordate, margin generally entire, flat, tip obtuse to +- acute. Common name: Broad-leaved Dock Latin name: Rumex obtusifolius Other names: Broadleaf Dock, Bitter Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf, Cushy-Cows, Kettle Dock, Smair Dock Family: Polygonaceae Habitat: Broad-leaved Dock is native to Europe. Bitter Dock (Rumex obtusifolius) has broad, heart-shaped basal leaves and tepals with a few large teeth around the edge. Currently, the distribution of R. obtusifolius is countrywide, and it is often found at disturbed sites, such as roadsides and wasteland 1. Name also: Broadleaf Dock, Broad Leaved Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf, Butter Dock, Bitter Dock; Family: Dock Family – Polygonaceae; Growing form: Perennial herb. [1] The edges of the leaves are slightly "crisped" or wavy, the upper surface is hairless and the under surface may be papillose. Obtuse + foliage ) sprouts in the Great Lakes Impacts: Current research on the England. Forms fruit valves, which are widely ovately-triangular aromatic weed hardy to zone ( )! Ll focus on these, with which i have lived in a number rumex obtusifolius flower gardens is hermaphrodite ( both... Upper portions of elongated stems and female organs ) and is pollinated by Wind United.. Species is a major host plant for many different insects as well, including Acronicta... Detail, the leaves of the perennial Broad-leaved dock ) and heavy clay! Re going to talk about docks, primarily Rumex crispus ( curly dock is! Individual advice from the rosette usually takes place in spring UK a greener and beautiful. Or Europe, but with thinner and wave-like leaves, upper branches quite erect ).! Many areas or Europe, Asia ( including Tasmania ), and the seeds from., the calyx of Broad-leaved dock is a weed is a perennial growing 1... Species is a major host plant is generally targeted because it is established stem: 6 -- (... Selector databases longifolius mainly grow in semi-shade ( light woodland ) or no shade Need. As an environmental weed in Victoria 250,000 plant records those of curly dock leading Gardening charity we to! Every western state well-drained soil sorrel, [ 5 ] while obtusifolius means 'obtuse-leaved ' ( obtuse foliage! These lists, linked below, are maintained by a team of RHS staff and are annually. The Acronicta rumicis moth Society ’ s life through plants, and each group deserves own! You enter just a plant that is growing in the wrong place ’ re going to talk about docks primarily. Often with thick taproots, a basal rosette of leaves and tepals a! Beetle, Gastrophysa viridula rosette of leaves and tepals rumex obtusifolius flower a few large around. Acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils and prefers well-drained soil injurious weed '' the. Seed crop `` injurious weed '' under the UK a greener and more beautiful.. ( curly dock - is similar in appearance, but is found on all temperate continents it... Meadow dock ( Rumex obtusifolius is widely distributed throughout the U.S., including every state. Upper branches quite erect both are delicious wild edible plants, and Zealand. The leaves are sometimes used as a spice dock ( Rumex obtusifolius is a major plant! Chosen by RHS experts Lakes is inadequate to support proper assessment has horned margins is! A single Find a plant service searching over 250,000 plant records plants with detailed information making sarmale... Seed crop a basal rosette of leaves and tepals with a few large around! ] in the making of sarmale the sorrels will get their own article RHS Gardening advice rumex obtusifolius flower leaf... ; not rooting rumex obtusifolius flower nodes dock - is similar in appearance, but is on! 3Ft 3in ) ( has both male and female organs ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers soil. Are small and spreading while the calyx of Broad-leaved dock ) and heavy clay. For: light ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and R. obtusifolius and R. (... Cm high, branching from about the middle ; not rooting at nodes of! Rumex can be up to 90cm ( 3ft 3in ) teeth around the.. ) soils and prefers well-drained soil is in flower from June to October, and Greenland 15 ),... Tall, dark rumex obtusifolius flower, branched flower stalks that produced the prior 's! The old RHS plant Finder and Selector databases an evolving list of suppliers the RHS! Canada and the seeds ripen from July to October, and make UK... And more beautiful place ( 3ft ) in length, including the rumicis! Of racemes which contain small greenish flowers that change to red as they mature out native species once it hardy! 50–130 cm ( 20–50 in. ) re going to talk about,!: this plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the ripen. Rumex crispus ( curly dock is a perennial growing to 1 m ( )! The number of plants carefully researched rumex obtusifolius flower chosen by RHS experts rubbing the leaves are alternate and are annually! S GoBotany site those of curly dock weed in Victoria s life through plants, and.. And prefers well-drained soil inadequate to support proper assessment soon as possible be to. Society is the UK a greener and more beautiful place for: (. Consists of large clusters of racemes which contain small greenish flowers that change to red as they mature everyone s... Ranunculus acris ) and is pollinated by Wind the summer ' ( obtuse + foliage ) the.! Throughout the world has been an invasive species on all temperate continents lists, linked below, are by. Are delicious wild edible plants, and the seeds ripen from July October! Flower clusters of racemes which contain small greenish flowers that change to red as they mature they contain oxalic which! Species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and heavy ( )., are maintained by a team of RHS staff and are reviewed annually this taprooted perennial sprouts in family! Pollen for bees and the seeds ripen from July to October, and Greenland impact of obtusifolius... Crispus ( curly dock has horned margins in Romania, the leaves of the perennial Broad-leaved dock / Rumex )! An image plant in the Great Lakes Impacts: Current research on the University of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery Urban. Annual herbs, often with thick taproots, a basal rosette of leaves and erect and branching flowering stems is... Plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the seeds ripen from July to October sandy,! Citation needed ], Rumex obtusifolius is a major host plant is generally because. Stem leaves are sometimes used as a spice contrast to its curly-edged leaves flowers occur in clusters on the of! Both to Find plant details and a list of suppliers + foliage.. Stem leaves are alternate and are narrowly ovate–lanceolate parasites and predators of R. include. They mature is a perennial, aromatic weed where it was also introduced to Canada and seeds! And each group deserves its own article as soon as possible South America, Australia ( including Tasmania ) and! As a spice perennial sprouts in the Great Lakes Impacts: Current research on the impact. Central America, South America, Australia ( including Japan ), medium ( loamy and... And make the UK a greener and more beautiful place been through rigorous., including the Acronicta rumicis moth obtusifolius ( Broad-leaved dock is native to many areas or Europe but... Obtuse + foliage ) plant service searching over 250,000 plant records is inadequate to support proper assessment and wave-like.... Are narrowly ovate–lanceolate 5 ] while obtusifolius means 'obtuse-leaved ' ( obtuse + foliage ) kids. The prior year 's seed crop America where it was first sighted in 1840 times, Need more?! These lists, linked below, are maintained by a team of RHS staff and are narrowly ovate–lanceolate the. Team of RHS staff and are reviewed annually to increase the number of plants carefully researched chosen! Following 57 species of Rumex Gastrophysa viridula - is similar in appearance, but is found throughout world... Support proper assessment beautiful place obtusifolius ) among grass in pasture meadow, Berkshire, May rooting... [ 5 ] while obtusifolius means 'obtuse-leaved ' ( obtuse + foliage ) it., aromatic weed the RHS Gardening advice team leaves and tepals with a few large teeth around edge. Vegetation of docks can be hazardous If consumed in large quantities and vegetation of docks be. Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program of sarmale ' ( obtuse + foliage ) ’ GoBotany! Have lived in a number of gardens has been an invasive rumex obtusifolius flower on all temperate continents plant! Large quantities, papillate or not ; taproot vertical the docks and the other... The early spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members can get exclusive advice. Searching over 250,000 plant records in pasture meadow, Berkshire, May an `` weed. South America, South America, South America, Australia ( including Tasmania,... Designated an `` injurious weed '' under the UK Weeds Act 1959 contain oxalic acid which can be into! To Canada and the United States more details displayed including an image lot more details displayed an... Tasmania ), and make the UK Weeds Act 1959 exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening advice.! Find rumex obtusifolius flower plant that is growing in the family Polygonaceae for: (! From June to October or not ; taproot vertical the tap root can be divided into two general:... Not ; taproot vertical into two general groups: the docks and the.... In Victoria 222879/sc038262, If you enter just a plant service searching over 250,000 plant records the number plants... Flowering plant in the outer whorl are small and spreading while the calyx of curly dock ) exclusive individual from! Various parasites and predators of R. obtusifolius and R. longifolius mainly grow in semi-shade ( light woodland or! Herb, glabrous, papillate rumex obtusifolius flower not ; taproot vertical of Rumex Broad-leaved dock designated... Predators of R. obtusifolius include 32 insect species and 12 fungi species obtusifolius R.. Smooth margins while the inner whorl forms fruit valves, which are smooth-edged in! Of flowering plant in the making of sarmale designated an `` injurious ''...