[154] However, owing to the human rights and political situation, North Korea does not have diplomatic relations with Argentina, Botswana,[159] Estonia, France,[160] Iraq, Israel, Japan, Taiwan,[161] and the United States. Everything you need to know", "New Threat from N. Korea's 'Asymmetrical' Warfare", "UN Documents for DPRK (North Korea): Security Council Resolutions [View All Security Council Resolutions]", "North Korea's military aging but sizable", "N.Korea Developing High-Powered GPS Jammer", "North Korea Appears Capable of Jamming GPS Receivers", "North Korea 'develops stealth paint to camouflage fighter jets, "N.Korea Boosting Cyber Warfare Capabilities", "Report on Implementation of 2009 Budget and 2010 Budget", "N. Korea ranks No. [24][25][26][27] The North Korean government denies these abuses. [331], Foreign trade surpassed pre-crisis levels in 2005 and continues to expand. [346][347] North Korea's long-term objective is to curb fossil fuel usage and reach an output of 5 million kilowatts from renewable sources by 2044, up from its current total of 430,000 kilowatts from all sources. Related acronyms and abbreviations. The country is bordered to the north by China and by Russia along the Amnok (known as the Yalu in Chinese) and Tumen rivers, and to the south by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two. NK = Corea del Nord Cerchi una definizione generale di NK? [427] Other dishes served there include gray mullet soup with boiled rice, beef rib soup, green bean pancake, sinsollo and dishes made from terrapin. [437][438] Rungrado 1st of May Stadium, the largest stadium in the world with its capacity of 150,000, hosts the Festival. North Koreans have little exposure to foreign influence. North Korea (Korean: 조선/朝鮮, MR: Chosŏn; literally 북조선/北朝鮮, MR: Pukchosŏn, or 북한/北韓, RR: Bukhan in South Korean usage), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK or DPR Korea; Korean: 조선민주주의인민공화국/朝鮮民主主義人民共和國, Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. [306] North Korea declared the last seven-year plan unsuccessful in December 1993 and thereafter stopped announcing plans. [231] They are equipped with 3,700 tanks, 2,100 armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles,[232] 17,900 artillery pieces, 11,000 anti-aircraft guns[233] and some 10,000 MANPADS and anti-tank guided missiles. [92] In April, South Korean President Moon Jae-in and Kim Jong-un met at the DMZ, and, in the Panmunjom Declaration, pledged to work for peace and nuclear disarmament. [345] Cars are relatively rare,[356] but bicycles are common. [132] Juche's concepts of self-reliance have evolved with time and circumstances, but still provide the groundwork for the spartan austerity, sacrifice and discipline demanded by the party. [153] In the 1960s and 1970s, it pursued an independent foreign policy, established relations with many developing countries, and joined the Non-Aligned Movement. Soviet forces withdrew from the North in 1948, and most American forces withdrew from the South in 1949. An invasion initiated by North Korea led to the Korean War (1950–1953). [98] The longest river is the Amnok (Yalu) River which flows for 790 kilometers (491 mi). [195] People perceived as hostile to the government, such as Christians or critics of the leadership,[196] are deported to labor camps without trial,[197] often with their whole family and mostly without any chance of being released. Every individual has a lifetime health card which contains a full medical record. [376], Internet access itself is limited to a handful of elite users and scientists. [363] The Miraewon network of electronic libraries was established in 2014 under similar slogans. On his 60th birthday (based on his official date of birth), mass celebrations occurred throughout the country. [319][320] In 2009, the government attempted to stem the expanding free market by banning jangmadang and the use of foreign currency,[308] heavily devaluing the won and restricting the convertibility of savings in the old currency,[279] but the resulting inflation spike and rare public protests caused a reversal of these policies. [295] Four state-sanctioned churches exist, but critics claim these are showcases for foreigners. [255] Demographic experts in the 20th century estimated that the population would grow to 25.5 million by 2000 and 28 million by 2010, but this increase never occurred due to the North Korean famine. Schaefer, Bernd. [400] In 2014, the all-girl Moranbong Band was described as the most popular group in the country. KP is the abbreviation for North Korea, the 97th largest country in the world. [78], International donors led by the United States initiated shipments of food through the World Food Program in 1997 to combat the famine. [341], North Korea's energy infrastructure is obsolete and in disrepair. [287][288] There are no known official statistics of religions in North Korea. [267] While North Korea is classified as a low-income country, the structure of North Korea's causes of death (2013) is unlike that of other low-income countries. [158], As of 2015[update], North Korea had diplomatic relations with 166 countries and embassies in 47 countries. NORS - NORSA - NORSB - NORSE - Norspa - NORTHAG - NORTHCON - NORVA - NORWICH - NORWP. The exotic settings of the stories give authors more freedom to depict cyberwarfare, violence, sexual abuse and crime, which are absent in other genres. [193], Amnesty International reports of severe restrictions on the freedom of association, expression and movement, arbitrary detention, torture and other ill-treatment resulting in death, and executions. North Korea is a totalitarian[4][5][6] Stalinist dictatorship,[19][20][21][22][23] with an elaborate cult of personality around the Kim dynasty. Donald Trump meets Kim Jong Un in DMZ; steps onto North Korean soil. [399] Improved relations with South Korea following the 2000 inter-Korean summit caused a decline in direct ideological messages in pop songs, but themes like comradeship, nostalgia and the construction of a powerful country remained. 216, 225, "GDP Composition by sectory field listing", "Filling Gaps in the Human Development Index", "North Korean Economy Records Positive Growth for Two Consecutive Years", "Pyongyang glitters but most of North Korea still dark", Jangmadang Will Prevent "Second Food Crisis" from Developing, Kim Jong Eun's Long-lasting Pain in the Neck, "Labor Force by occupation field listing", In limited N.Korean market, furor for S.Korean products, "North Korea welcomes increase in tourism", "Skiing in North Korea: Mounting Problems", "North Korea's Trade and the KOTRA Report", "North Korea's crusade for more special economic zones", "North Korea Plans To Expand Special Economic Zones", "Cumulative output of Kaesong park reaches US$2.3 bln", "India is North Korea's second biggest trading partner after China", "Russia, North Korea Agree to Settle Payments in Rubles in Trade Pact", "North Korean Foreign Trade Volume Posts Record High of USD 7.3 Billion in 2013", "South Korea has lost the North to China". The only ones with protection are those whose husbands or fathers are themselves in positions of power. [314] The North Korean won is the national currency, issued by the Central Bank of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. [391] The studio has commercialized its activity and sells its works to collectors in a variety of countries including China, where it is in high demand. One point of view is that Kim Jong-il's cult of personality was solely out of respect for Kim Il-sung or out of fear of punishment for failure to pay homage,[149] while North Korean government sources consider it genuine hero worship. [382], According to high-level North Korean defectors, since the 1970s, revenue accumulated through foreign currency, revenue which is wholly separate from the official economic organs of the state, is of economic significance. [151], As a result of its isolation, North Korea is sometimes known as the "hermit kingdom", a term that originally referred to the isolationism in the latter part of the Joseon Dynasty. [325] Iron ore and coal production are among the few sectors where North Korea performs significantly better than its southern neighbor—it produces about 10 times larger amounts of each resource. ", This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 12:45. It employs around 1,000 artists in what is likely the biggest art factory in the world where paintings, murals, posters and monuments are designed and produced. It has two satellite organizations, the Korean Social Democratic Party and the Chondoist Chongu Party[105] which participate in the WPK-led Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland of which all political officers are required to be members. Eight mainly Western nations accused North Korea on Friday of using the pandemic “to crack down further on the human rights of its own people,” pointing to … The two-letter country abbreviation for South Korea is KR, the three-letter code is KOR. [223] According to official North Korean media, military expenditures for 2010 amount to 15.8 percent of the state budget. [18] The means of production are owned by the state through state-run enterprises and collectivized farms. [179], The Sunshine Policy instituted by South Korean president Kim Dae-jung in 1998 was a watershed in inter-Korean relations. Constitution of the DPRK. [95], The coastal plains are wide in the west and discontinuous in the east. The government own all real estate, and give everyone rights to occupy a home, free of cost, the location, size and quality of home depends by your job. [435] Successful Olympians receive luxury apartments from the state in recognition for their achievements. North Korea occupies the northern portion of the Korean Peninsula, lying between latitudes 37° and 43°N, and longitudes 124° and 131°E. [386] Ideological messages are conveyed through massive orchestral pieces like the "Five Great Revolutionary Operas" based on traditional Korean ch'angguk. According to a United Nations Environmental Programme report in 2003, forest covers over 70 percent of the country, mostly on steep slopes. Marriage is virtually universal and divorce is extremely rare. [251] The defense industry is capable of producing a full range of individual and crew-served weapons, artillery, armored vehicles, tanks, missiles, helicopters, surface combatants, submarines, landing and infiltration craft, Yak-18 trainers and possibly co-production of jet aircraft. [190] In September, at a joint news conference in Pyongyang, Moon and Kim agreed upon turning the Korean Peninsula into a "land of peace without nuclear weapons and nuclear threats". [395] Most movies have predictable propaganda story lines which make cinema an unpopular entertainment; viewers only see films that feature their favorite actors. [308] A significant contribution to the food supply comes from commercial fishing and aquaculture. [308] In an attempt to recover from the collapse, the government began structural reforms in 1998 that formally legalized private ownership of assets and decentralized control over production. [240][241] Because of its nuclear and missile tests, North Korea has been sanctioned under United Nations Security Council resolutions 1695 of July 2006, 1718 of October 2006, 1874 of June 2009, 2087 of January 2013,[242] and 2397 in December 2017. [164] North Korea continues to have strong ties with its socialist southeast Asian allies in Vietnam and Laos, as well as with Cambodia. North Korea operates a wide variety of air defense equipment, from short-range MANPADS such as 9K34 Strela-3, 9K38 Igla and ZPU-4 heavy machine guns, to long-range SA-5 Gammon and Pon'gae-5 SAM systems and large-calibre AA artillery guns. [268] The three major causes of death in North Korea are stroke, COPD and Ischaemic heart disease. [304] For several decades, it followed the Soviet pattern of five-year plans with the ultimate goal of achieving self-sufficiency. Officially the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, North Korea is a country located in Eastern Asia, bordering 3 countries – China, Russia and South Korea. A free universal insurance system is in place. [407], Science fiction is considered a secondary genre because it somewhat departs from the traditional standards of detailed descriptions and metaphors of the leader. To compensate for these deficiencies, the KPA has deployed a wide range of asymmetric warfare technologies like anti-personnel blinding lasers,[243] GPS jammers,[244][245] midget submarines and human torpedoes,[246] stealth paint,[247] and cyberwarfare units. In 1948, North Korea adopted Democratic People's Republic of Korea (Korean: 조선민주주의인민공화국, Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk; listen) as its new legal name. There are 63 burial mounds in the tomb group, with clear murals preserved. [42] The modern spelling of Korea first appeared in the late 17th century in the travel writings of the Dutch East India Company's Hendrick Hamel. North Korea Locations, Fifa Country Code, Fifa Country Code. Their "WMDs" can only fly 35 seconds before falling apart.Their soldiers are starving and are still using low-quality guns and equipment dating back to the end of WW2. [259] 77% of males and 79% of females aged 30–34 have finished secondary school. [185] The next few years witnessed a string of hostilities, including the alleged North Korean involvement in the sinking of South Korean warship Cheonan,[85] mutual ending of diplomatic ties,[186] a North Korean artillery attack on Yeonpyeong Island,[187] and growing international concern over North Korea's nuclear program. [133] Scholar Brian Reynolds Myers views North Korea's actual ideology as a Korean ethnic nationalism similar to statism in Shōwa Japan and European fascism. [216] Political prisoners are sent to labor camps, while criminal offenders are incarcerated in a separate system. [337] As of August 2017[update], China is the biggest trading partner of North Korea outside inter-Korean trade, accounting for more than 84% of the total external trade ($5.3 billion) followed by India at 3.3% share ($205 million). Systematic inefficiency began to arise around 1960, when the economy shifted from the extensive to the intensive development stage. https://www.abbreviations.com/North%20Korea. "North Korea in 2013: Economy, Executions, and Nuclear Brinksmanship. In January 2018, estimates of North Korea's nuclear arsenal ranged between 15 and 60 bombs, probably including hydrogen bombs. [376] The number of subscribers has increased from 3,000 in 2002[377] to almost two million in 2013. Oltre a NK, Corea del Nord può essere breve per altri acronimi. [25] North Koreans have been referred to as "some of the world's most brutalized people" by Human Rights Watch, because of the severe restrictions placed on their political and economic freedoms. [335] The SEZ system was overhauled in 2013 when 14 new zones were opened and the Rason Special Economic Zone was reformed as a joint Chinese-North Korean project. [277] Quality of medical care varies significantly by region[278] and is often low, with severe shortages of equipment, drugs and anesthetics. [406], Kim Il-sung's personal works are considered "classical masterpieces" while the ones created under his instruction are labeled "models of Juche literature". The two-letter country abbreviation for North Korea is KP, the three-letter code is PRK. Its active duty army of 1.21 million is the fourth-largest in the world, after China, the United States and India; consisting of 4.7% of its population. Locations, Fifa Country Code, Fifa Country Code. [416] According to Freedom House, all media outlets serve as government mouthpieces, all journalists are party members and listening to foreign broadcasts carries the threat of a death penalty. [286], Officially, North Korea is an atheist state. It is viewed by the official North Korean line as an embodiment of Kim Il-sung's wisdom, an expression of his leadership, and an idea which provides "a complete answer to any question that arises in the struggle for national liberation". If you are visiting our non-English version and want to see the English version of North Korea, please scroll down to the bottom and you will see the meaning of North Korea in English language. [235] North Korea has the largest special forces and the largest submarine fleet in the world. [402][403], All publishing houses are owned by the government or the WPK because they are considered an important tool for propaganda and agitation. [299] There are 3 main classifications and about 50 sub-classifications. Kim Jong-il was often the center of attention throughout ordinary life. ", Lee, Hong Yung. With the exception of the boycotted Los Angeles and Seoul Olympics, North Korean athletes have won medals in all summer games since then. 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