The contemporary Catholic Church says that it is the continuation of the early Christian community established by Jesus. 16:18–19]. If you believe that Roman Catholic Church's view on it, the Roman Catholic Church was built on St. Peter per Matthew 16:18. At God’s behest, Peter admits the first gentiles to the Church (Acts 10-11). Essentially, as accepted today, it unites all Catholics in a common faith as a profession of core beliefs. The Catholic Church proclaims itself to be the church that Jesus Christ died for, the church that was established and built by the apostles. The Catholic Church claims that Jesus conferred on Peter and his successors supreme power in faith and morals over all the other Apostles and over every Christian in the Church. “Some” Christians believe that Peter is the creator of their Church and state that Peter established The Catholic Church (not “a” Catholic Church) in Antioch and that he ruled The Church from Antioch. . Then we’ve got a false gospel. It believes Jesus gave to Peter (and by implication, to all his formal successors) a foundational role in the building of his church. At the head of the Twelve, Jesus placed Peter. Many Christians know that the Catholic church is a total fallacy as it has no right to even exist as whilst Peter later became a preacher, he was never commissioned to even do anything other than to carry out the Great Commission along with all the other members of the first church. . 16:18). In fact, the decision to remain celibate occurs before the ordination to the diaconate and cannot be changed. “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah. “Was anything withheld from the knowledge of Peter, who is called ‘the rock on which the Church would be built’ [Matt. “There [John 6:68–69] speaks Peter, upon whom the Church would be built, teaching in the name of the Church and showing that even if a stubborn and proud multitude withdraws because it does not wish to obey, yet the Church does not withdraw from Christ” (ibid., 66[69]:8). He received his Master of Science in peace operations from George Mason University's School of Public Policy in 2011. As for Peter, as far as I know, no one claims that he began the church in Rome. Below, read about the role of Peter, Paul, Constantine and the overall process of the Catholic Church's foundation. I would suggest you study the early church Fathers, Ignatius of Antioch (2nd or 3rd bishop of Antioch, after Peter the Apostle), Study Martin Luther (who rightly credits the … 21:14). Why did Christ chose Peter, an uncultured man prone to failure, as a foundation on which to build his church? If Emperor Constantine started the Catholic Church, then there should be no way to trace the continuity of every Bishop of Rome, from Peter to Francis today. Whoever eats the Lamb outside this house is profane. And so Simon Magus' remains lay hidden in the graffiti wall and the grave remained empty after 656. I was just hoping to see if they had some historical proof or maybe even if they could quote one of The Church Fathers as stating this. ’ [Matt. 16:18], can be learned from this, which Christ said to Peter alone: ‘Whatever things you shall bind on earth shall be bound also in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth, they shall be loosed in heaven’ [Matt. It is Jesus who is the rock. Origins of the Roman Catholic Church . And it was Paul who removed the requirements, against Peter's will, that Christians observe Jewish dietary laws and practice circumcision. But Christ did not mean, as the Roman Catholics say he did, to exalt Peter to supreme authority above all the other apostles, or to say that he was the only one upon whom he would rear his church. . “[Simon Peter said to Simon Magus in Rome:] ‘For you now stand in direct opposition to me, who am a firm rock, the foundation of the Church’ [Matt. 16:18]. In fact, the decision to remain celibate occurs before the ordination to the diaconate and cannot be changed. No. In a word, no. Roman Catholicism itself maintains that the Roman Catholic Church was established by Christ when he gave direction to the Apostle Peter as the head of the church. The very word "Cardinal" means "hinge." The “catholic church” here is simply a reference to the church as a whole. permission to publish this work is hereby granted. A significant part of the initial spread and missionary work was by Paul (Jewish Pharisee). 16:19]” (collected in Cyprian’s Letters74[75]:16 [A.D. 253]). announces that he holds by succession the throne of Peter” (ibid., 74[75]:17). Then we’ve got a false gospel. It is Jesus who is the rock. His name was Paul. 16:19]?” (Demurrer Against the Heretics 22 [A.D. 200]). The Roman Catholic Church puts a great deal of emphasis on Peter and claims that Jesus said he would build his church on him. Roman Catholicism itself maintains that the Roman Catholic Church was established by Christ when he gave direction to the Apostle Peter as the head of the church. Peter ultimately made his way to Rome, where he died as a martyr. And I say unto thee also, that you are Cephas, and on this rock will I build my Church; and the gates of hades shall not prevail against it” (The Diatesseron 23 [A.D. 170]). You are the head of the fountain from which my teaching flows; you are the chief of my disciples’” (Homilies 4:1 [A.D. 351]). Today, Roman Catholic (Latin Rite) Catholics are celibate. And there were millions—millions of Christians, true Christians—down through history who did not follow the pope, who were never part of this Roman system, and they were slaughtered by the millions. Jesus did not start the Catholic Church. the holy Roman Church has not been placed at the forefront [of the churches] by the conciliar decisions of other churches, but has received the primacy by the evangelic voice of our Lord and Savior, who says: ‘You are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell will not prevail against it; and I will give to you the keys of the kingdom of heaven. 21:14). The Catholic Church is an ancient religious institution boasting over a billion members worldwide. Paul may have had even more influence among contemporary Christians than did Peter, and he certainly brought Christianity more converts than Peter. +Robert H. Brom, Bishop of San Diego, August 10, 2004. 16:18], that the building of the eternal temple might rest on Peter’s solid rock, strengthening his Church so surely that neither could human rashness assail it nor the gates of hell prevail against it” (Letters 10:1 [A.D. 445]). If someone does not hold fast to this unity of Peter, can he imagine that he still holds the faith? “Wherefore the most holy and blessed Leo, archbishop of the great and elder Rome, through us, and through this present most holy synod, together with the thrice blessed and all-glorious Peter the apostle, who is the rock and foundation of the Catholic Church, and the foundation of the orthodox faith, has stripped him [Dioscorus] of the episcopate” (Acts of the Council, session 3 [A.D. 451]). So while the church may live on in a much different form than its early beginnings, the Spirit remains the glue between Jesus and his church. It is not a specific “Catholic Church” versus some other church. St. Peter's role in the New Testament further substantiates the Catholic belief concerning the papacy and what Jesus said in Matthew 16. I know that this is the rock on which the Church has been built. St. “[T]he Lord said to Peter, ‘On this rock I will build my Church, I have given you the keys of the kingdom of heaven [and] whatever you shall have bound or loosed on earth will be bound or loosed in heaven’ [Matt. 2:5–6, Rev. ’ [Matt. Among the efforts by the Church to combat this heresy was the organization of the mendicant orders, including one led by St. Dominic. Whoever has gathered elsewhere is scattering” (Letters 43[40]:5 [A.D. 253]). Below, read about the role of Peter, Paul, Constantine and the … Jesus’s naming of Peter contradicts human reason. NIHIL OBSTAT: I have concluded that the materials According to the Catholic tradition, the history of the Catholic Church begins with Jesus Christ and his teachings (c. 4 BC – c. AD 30) and the Catholic Church is a continuation of the early Christian community established by the Disciples of Jesus. And Peter (unlike James son of Zebedee) is miraculously delivered from prison and martyrdom (Acts 12:1-18). Paul's writings have become a core of the Christian New Testament and as such, they have influenced Christians for close to 2,000 years. The Cardinals of the Roman Church are the HINGES upon which the GATE -- the Pope -- is able to turn. By his own admission, he was a Pharisee. 16:18]. . St. Catholicism is a … 16:18–19]. However, in the Eastern catholic Church, like the Orthodox Church, married men can be considered for ordination to the diaconate and to the priesthood. What kind of man are you, subverting and changing what was the manifest intent of the Lord when he conferred this personally upon Peter? There were very few Christians in Rome until late in the Western Roman Empire's history, and it was only with collapse of Roman Imperial rule in the West and the capture of the vibrant Christian communities in North Africa, Egypt and the Middle East by barbarian tribes and later Muslims that a Catholic Church with a powerful Pope leading it was seen as the leader of Christianity in the West. But is this true? However, he was one of the main leaders of the Christian movement after Jesus's death and tradition holds that he was the first Bishop of Rome. The church in Rome was started rather early–probably by AD 50 and there is no evidence that Peter came to Rome before AD 63. Roman Catholicism teaches that the apostle Peter was the first "pope" and that there has been an unbroken line of popes since Peter. I would suggest you study the early church Fathers, Ignatius of Antioch (2nd or 3rd bishop of Antioch, after Peter the Apostle), Study Martin Luther (who rightly credits the … “The Lord says to Peter: ‘I say to you,’ he says, ‘that you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell will not overcome it. “[Pope] Stephen [I] . And what does our Lord say to him? : St. Peter the Apostle, original name Simeon or Simon, (died 64 ce, Rome [Italy]), disciple of Jesus Christ, recognized in the early Christian church as the leader of the 12 disciples and by the Roman Catholic Church as the first of its unbroken succession of popes. Also, Saint Peter did not start the Catholic Church. . You may have found a Roman Catholic friend who claims that Peter founded the church in … 16:18, 1 Cor. Giorgio Cosulich/Getty Images News/Getty Images, The Closing of the Western Mind: The Rise of Faith and the Fall of Reason, by Charles Freeman, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops: Catechism of the Catholic Church. . Answer: The Roman Catholic Church contends that its origin is the death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus Christ in approximately AD 30. . boasts of the place of his episcopate, and contends that he holds the succession from Peter, on whom the foundations of the Church were laid [Matt. “If the very order of episcopal succession is to be considered, how much more surely, truly, and safely do we number them [the bishops of Rome] from Peter himself, to whom, as to one representing the whole Church, the Lord said, ‘Upon this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell shall not conquer it.’ Peter was succeeded by Linus, Linus by Clement. Instead, its foundation was a process that lasted centuries and does not have any firm single date for its founding. . one among the twelve is chosen to be their head in order to remove any occasion for division” (Against Jovinian 1:26 [A.D. 393]). No, Jesus Christ started the Church (CCC* 770-780) and Peter was the prince of the Apostles (CCC* 816). In a word, no. The “catholic church” here is simply a reference to the church as a whole. No, he is not. “It is to Peter that he says: ‘You are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church’ [Matt. The New Testament contains five different metaphors for the foundation of the Church (Matt. “[Jesus said:] ‘Simon, my follower, I have made you the foundation of the holy Church. The first see, therefore, is that of Peter the apostle, that of the Roman Church, which has neither stain nor blemish nor anything like it” (Decree of Damasus 3 [A.D. 382]). Peter denied the Lord during the trial of Christ. In establishing the Twelve Apostles with Peter at their head, Jesus gave the Church the basic structure of its leadership. The change in the gender is purely for stylistic reasons. Peter denied the Lord during the trial of Christ. ‘Oh you of little faith,’ he says, ‘why do you doubt?’ [Matt. 9:5). . Even the Orthodox Churches recognize the pope as the successor of St. Peter; however, they do not honor his binding jurisdiction over the whole Church but grant him a position of "first among equals." Also, Saint Peter did not start the Catholic Church. . As of 2018, this number is 266, with the current Pope beginning his reign in 2013. Peter therefore, cannot be the primary rock on which Jesus will build his church. He did indeed found it on the rock of Peter, but Peter and the apostles are to be always guided by, strengthened by, and accountable to … Classroom is the educational resource for people of all ages. The answer provided by Simon Peter set in motion the formation of the Catholic Church by Jesus. The eleven other apostles did not start any other churches. Well . See Acts 15, where the advice of James, and not that of Peter, was followed. Where Peter is, there is the Church. It is not a specific “Catholic Church” versus some other church. If Emperor Constantine started the Catholic Church, then there should be no way to trace the continuity of every Bishop of Rome, from Peter to Francis today. According to the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia, there have been an unbroken line of 256 popes from 1903 A.D. back to Peter. “Simon Cephas answered and said, ‘You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.’ Jesus answered and said unto him, ‘Blessed are you, Simon, son of Jonah: flesh and blood has not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven. Non-Catholic Christians and the secular world have used the Inquisitions, the Crusades, and the Galileo incident as “clubs” to bash the Church for almost 500 years. The bBible also tells not to eat of the flesh nor drink of the blood. As of 2018, this number is 266, with the current Pope beginning his reign in 2013. He wished him who had been received into partnership in his undivided unity to be named what he himself was, when he said: ‘You are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church’ [Matt. Much of what has become Christian theology originated not with Jesus, but with Paul, through his writings. No. 16:18,19; John 21:15,17). The correct answer to you question is “Yes, the bible did come from the Catholics”. But Christ did not mean, as the Roman Catholics say he did, to exalt Peter to supreme authority above all the other apostles, or to say that he was the only one upon whom he would rear his church. Even the Orthodox Churches recognize the pope as the successor of St. Peter; however, they do not honor his binding jurisdiction over the whole Church but grant him a position of "first among equals." … In this order of succession a Donatist bishop is not to be found” (Letters 53:1:2 [A.D. 412]). From Jesus, the Twelve received the mandate to preach the Gospel to all nations. However, even a child can understand that "treat others as you want to be treated" could not possibly mean "take away the civil rights from law-abiding, taxpaying gay Americans" which is what the Church teaches today. has placed the principal charge on the blessed Peter, chief of all the apostles. If you believe that Roman Catholic Church's view on it, the Roman Catholic Church was built on St. Peter per Matthew 16:18. . You are teaching people to follow the Catholic Church. Because the Church, according to the Creed, is One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic, an argument can be made for identifying the very beginning of the Church to the moment when Jesus’s words to Simon Peter in Matthew’s gospel first mention the concept? “Likewise it is decreed . who does not remain on the foundation of the one Church which was founded upon the rock by Christ [Matt. He said: “Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build My Church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it… Feed my lambs; feed My sheep” (Matt. . . . Chris Jackson of The Remnant has provided another excellent article on the reasons why the Church adopted the Latin language in her liturgy, decrees, and official communications. 2:20, 1 Pet. . The eleven other apostles did not start any other churches. St. Peter's role in the New Testament further substantiates the Catholic belief concerning the papacy and what Jesus said in Matthew 16. Is Peter the rock on which the Church is built? The Nicene Creed outlined a core theological set of beliefs, defining God the Father, Jesus the Son and the Holy Spirit as a Holy Trinity of God as one being, a creation as stemming from God the Father, that Jesus the Son will return for judgement and that there is one Catholic Church. I did so myself, in my Protestant days. But such critics almost invariably distort (willingly or unwittingly) the known facts in order to do so. The Church considers its bishops to be the successors to Jesus's apostles and the Church's leader, the Bishop of Rome (also known as the Pope), to be the sole successor to Saint Peterwho ministered in Rome in the first century AD after his appointment by Jesus as head of t… A Concise History of the Catholic Church by Thomas Bokenkotter (Doubleday, 1990) Cardinal Hume and the Changing Face of English Catholicism by Peter Stanford (Geoffrey Chapman, 1993) Top Saint Peter (r. AD 30; died between AD 64 and 68) also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, Simon (/ ˈ s aɪ m ə n / ()), Cephas, or Peter the Apostle, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, and one of the first leaders of the early Church. Though Jesus, in the eyes of Catholics, delegates Peter as the leader of his apostles and the future church in Matthew 16:18, a large organization with a clear head in the Bishop of Rome, the Pope, that espoused the theology that is the core of today's Catholic Church was most certainly not founded by him. If he [should] desert the chair of Peter upon whom the Church was built, can he still be confident that he is in the Church?” (The Unity of the Catholic Church 4; 1st edition [A.D. 251]). See Acts 15, where the advice of James, and not that of Peter, was followed. 8:14; I Cor. However, in the Eastern catholic Church, like the Orthodox Church, married men can be considered for ordination to the diaconate and to the priesthood. . 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